her height influences her mind Alice: Well, cough-cough-couch, if you ask me...
2. Learn the poem «You are old, Father William» by heart and Caterpillar: You Huh, who are you dramatize it in pairs.
Alice: Cough-cough, cough-cough, A-choo! Oh! Caterpillar: You there! Girl! Wait! Come back! I have some3. Watch a part from the cartoon and fill in the gaps.
thing important to say! Caterpillar: A, e i o u, a e i o u, a e i o u, o, u e i o a, u e i a, a e Alice: Oh dear. I wonder what he wants now. Well... i o u... Who are you Caterpillar:! Alice: I- I- I_, sir! I changed so many times since this Alice: Is that all morning, you see...
Caterpillar: No. Exacitically, what is your problem Caterpillar: I do not see. Explain yourself.
Alice: Well, it's exacitici-, exaciti-, well, it's precisely this: I Alice: Why, I'm afraid I can't explain myself, sir, because I'm should like to be a little larger, sir.
not myself, you know...
Caterpillar: Why Caterpillar: I do not know.
Alice: Well, after all, three inches is such a_, and...
Alice: Well, I can't put it anymore clearly for it isn't clear to me! Caterpillar: I am exacitically_, and it is a very Caterpillar: You Who are you good height indeed! Alice: Well, don't you think you ought to tell me- cough-cough, Alice: But I'm not used to it. And you needn't shout! Oh dear! cough-cough, who you are first Caterpillar: By the way, I have a few more helpful_. One Caterpillar: Why side will make you grow taller...
Alice: Oh dear._.
Alice: One side of what Caterpillar: It is not.
Caterpillar:...and the other side will make you grow shorter.
Alice: Well, it is to me.
Alice: The other side of what Caterpillar: Why 21 Caterpillar:_, of course!! her home is a smoke filled kitchen. She sits on a three-legged stool Watch the scene again, this time with sound off, thus dubbing holding a crying baby. One would typically expect more from royalty your voices over the picture. Pay attention to tunes and tones. – a chair in something more than a kitchen, and a nanny to help care for the child. She has servants who do as they please. The footman 4. Read the comments by Marc Edmund Jones for Chapter IV who Alice meets when she arrives at the Duchess’s home is discourteand say what you think about it.
ous, refusing to show her into the house. The Duchess’s cook seems to The fifth great principle of wisdom in the Philosophy of Conrule the house. She fills the kitchen with smoke and pepper, adding cepts as revealed through the adventures of Alice is that divinity lies in excessive amounts of pepper to the food to satisfy her own taste and difference.
not that of the Duchess. She then proceeds to hurl fire irons, sauceThe law of applied psychology or the fifth big idea for the solupans, plates, and dishes at the Duchess and baby. The Duchess also tion of personal problems is brought out here in the technique of wisdisplays poor manners for someone of her stature. When Alice politely dom. The serpent that eternally symbolizes wisdom is well defined by remarks that she does not know of any cats that grin like the Cheshire the pigeon or the dove, the symbol of the spirit that is Jonah, or by sign Cat, the Duchess rudely replies, «You don’t know much, and that’s a or symbol that only Jesus would give. All who eat eggs get underfact». She shows great disrespect to her guest. The Duchess fails to standing from the germ or essence of the egg or seed of things.
portray the disposition of such status.
The Duchess fails to present the typical Victorian characteristics Chapter VI. PIG AND PEPPER of a mother. She allows her cook to throw pots and pans at her child.
When Alice shows some concern for the child whose nose is almost 1. Find the following word-combinations in the text and transhit by a saucepan, the Duchess answers, «If everyone minded their late the sentences in which they are used.
own business, the world would go round a deal faster than it does.
• At any rate »She does not even address the fact that a pan almost struck her baby’s • To grin face. In a lullaby she sings of «speaking roughly» to her child and «beating him when he sneezes», – a terrible and uncaring thing to sing • Fire-irons to a baby. When she realizes she must leave to play croquet with the • A hoarse growl Queen she does not hand, but tosses the baby to Alice. This, along • A snout with the fact that she hardly knows Alice, demonstrates how uncon• Raving mad cerned she is for her child’s well being. Unlike the Duchess, Alice • To make smb giddy does show concern when she says, «If I don’t take this child away with 2. Give the summary of the chapter.
me, they’re sure to kill it in a day or two». Alice attempts to save something – to bring a level of normality to the madness of Wonder3. Give the character sketch of the Duchess, the Cook and the land. However she is thwarted when the baby turns into a pig. Alice’s Footman. Do you think they represent real Victorian images Why/ single act of kindness is not enough to change even the slightest little why not bit of Wonderland’s madness.
4. Read David Raynor’s ideas about conventional Victorian ex• Why doesn’t the Duchess’s image correspond to Victorian pectations and then answer the questions.
one • Why does Alice show concern for the baby What is her reacThe Duchess behaves in a manner counter to everything her tion when it turns into a pig character is supposed to represent. She is royalty and yet the setting of 23 Galinskaya ‘L. Carroll and Mysteries of his Stories’) will help you to • What other hints of L. Carroll’s mocking on Victorian tradianswer the question, then render it.
tions can we trace in ‘Alice’ Существует множество противоречивых гипотез относиChapter VII. A MAD TEA-PARTY тельно прототипов персонажей двух «Алис». Шляпных Дел Мастер, один из участников Безумного Чаепития, был хорошо знаком 1. Find the following word-combinations in the text, translate оксфордцам. Прототипом его послужил некий торговец мебелью them and dwell upon the situation they are used in.
Теофиль Картер. (По предложению Кэрролла, Тениел даже рисо• To say in an encouraging tone вал Мастера с Картера.) Картера прозвали Безумным Шляпником • To say with severity – отчасти потому, что он всегда ходил в цилиндре, отчасти из-за • To dip smth into smth его эксцентричных идей. Он, например, изобрел «кровать-будиль• To beat time ник», которая в нужный час выбрасывала спящего на пол. Кро• To keep on good terms with smb вать эта даже демонстрировалась на Всемирной выставке в Хру• To wisper a hint to smb стальном дворце в 1851 году.
• Tea-things Впрочем, образ этот, как большинство героев Кэрролла, многоплановый.
2. What things in the mad tea party do you think could astonish Начинаясь прямой аналогией с реальным, живым лицом, он a Victorian Why стремительно расширяется, вбирая в себя черты, понятные уж не Read David Raynor’s ideas about conventional Victorian expecтолько узкому кругу людей, а целой нации. Шляпных Дел Мастер tations to help you in answering the question.
– уже не просто чудак Теофиль Картер. Это персонаж фольклорThe uncivilized character of the Mad Tea Party exemplifies eveный: о нем говорится в известной пословице «Безумен, как шляпrything that tea time is not about. When Alice arrives, the Hatter, the ник». Происхождение этой пословицы не совсем ясно, ученые March Hare, and the Dormouse do not invite her to join them as would спорят о нем по сей день. Возможно, что пословица эта отражает most likely be proper in the Victorian age. Crowded around a corner of вполне реальное положение вещей. Дело в том, что в XIX вехе the large table they cry, «No room! No room!» when there is obviously при обработке фетра употреблялись некоторые составы, в котоenough room. The March Hare offers wine to Alice that they obviрые входили свинец или ртуть (сейчас употребление этих веществ ously don’t have. Alice’s response is «That wasn’t very civil of you to запрещено почти во всех странах). Такое отравление было проoffer it». The rudeness, which they display, would not be acceptable at фессиональной болезнью шляпных дед мастеров – нередко дело an ordinary tea party. However, they are in Wonderland where everyкончалось помешательством. Как бы то ни было, в сознании ангthing is mad. Their bad manners continue. The Hatter pours hot tea on личан безумство было такой же принадлежностью шляпников, the sleeping Dormouse’s nose. Then when Alice says, «I don’t think», как в нашем – хитрость Лисички-Сестрички иди голодная жад– in response to the story the Dormouse is telling, the Hatter disreность Волка.
spectfully tells her, «Then you shouldn’t talk». As she leaves, the HatМартовский Заяц, другой персонаж Чаепития, – тоже безуter and March Hare are trying to put the Dormouse into the teapot. Alмец, но более «древний». «Безумен, как мартовский заяц» – эту ice is disgusted by their uncivilized, un-Victorian behavior.
пословицу находим в сборнике 1327 года. Она встречается и в «Кентерберийских рассказах» Чосера.
3. Why do you think the Hatter, March Hare and the Dormouse Знаменитый Чеширский Кот – также герой старинной поare the characters of the mad tea party The following text (from I.
словицы. «Улыбается, словно чеширский кот», – говорили англи25 чане еще в средние века. Когда юный Доджсон приехал в Окс- its attempt to involve all three selves or three sisters in the superficial форд, там велись оживленные дебаты о происхождении этого об- lure of life. Treacle is the common British term for molasses.
раза. Уроженец Чешира, Доджсон заинтересовался ими. Некото- In this experience time is always six and life is always the mad рые ученые полагали, что пословица эта идет от вывесок у входа tea party for the intensification of experience with the physical Alice в старые чеширские таверны. С незапамятных времен на них изо- succeeding to the untidy places at the table of being as they are made бражался оскаливший зубы леопард со щитом в лапах, а так как untidy for her by her own higher selves in terms of this inner symbolдоморощенные художники, писавшие вывески, леопардов нико- ism.
гда не видали, он и походил на улыбающегося кота. The law of applied psychology or the seventh big idea for the Были и другие теории о происхождении этой странной по- solution of personal problems is brought out here in the technique of словицы. Ну, а родные доктора Доджсона считали, что Чешир- liaison or contact. «No room! No room!» cry all the factors of life in ский Кот просто одни из тех многочисленных котов, с которыми unison to the newcomer.
в детстве водил дружбу Чарльз.
Chapter VIII. THE QUEEN'S CROQUET-GROUND 4. Read the comments by Marc Edmund Jones for Chapter IV and say what you think about it. 1. Find the following word-combinations in the text, translate them and reproduce the episodes they are used in.
The seventh great principle of wisdom in the Philosophy of Concepts as revealed through the adventures of Alice is that genius is • To jog smb’s elbow insanity usefully applied. The close interrelation between genius and • To lay the blame on smb insanity is thoroughly recognized by the world at large today. Genius • Courtiers and insanity are identical in the fact that both are abnormality.
• A pack of cards Here is the principle of reality. Reality is a function of duration • Pattern or time. The principle of reality gives proper distinction between con• To turn crimson scious experience and dreams. Of the three characters here met by Al• To make smb giddy ice, two are indicated as insane and the third symbolizes an equally • To be under sentence of execution unbalanced but more passive condition. The hare is said to be mad in • Mallet March because of the frenzied antics of these animals during their rut• To give smb a blow ting time in that month. The phrase as mad as a hatter is of unknown • To wait for turns origin but probably of ironical force originally from the character of • In less than no time the type now somewhat duplicated by the male milliner or dressmaker.
The dormouse eats nuts, suggesting the squirrel of present-day slang or 2. Answer the questions:
the American species to which it is most closely related, and goes into 1) What settings, characters and actions are sharply apart a stupor during cold weather. Here are the three forms of unbalance in from realistic modes the higher vehicles of man, or the emotional and mental and habit na2) What is your general impression of the chapter Read the tures in order of their speaking to Alice, and she is most puzzled by article and say what the roots of grotesque and chaos in ‘Alice’ are.
this contact with her inner selves as they are now developing into seeming unbalance. Her mentality attempts to establish liaison with her and fails to recite «Twinkle, twinkle, little star» correctly. Her hab27 The Grotesque and Chaotic in Alice in Wonderland Whereas the game of croquet itself possesses meaning, this absurd way of playing in Wonderland leaves Alice struggling to find orThe chief difficulty Alice found at first was in managing her der: as she finally «succeeds in getting its [the flamingo's] body tucked flamingo: she succeeded in getting its body tucked away, comfortably away, comfortably enough», it would untwist itself. And time after enough, under her arm, with its legs hanging down, but generally, just time, after Alice establishes and re-establishes order with one facet of as she had got its neck nicely straightened out, and was going to give the game, another would break down again into its chaotic state.
the hedgehog a blow with its head, it would twist itself round and look These futile efforts only end in greater frustration and finally submisup in her face, with such a puzzled expression that she could not help sion. Although the tone of this passage seems light and comical, its bursting out laughing; and, when she had got its head down, and was message is wholly serious. This scene, one of many in Alice in Wongoing to begin again, it was very provoking to find that the hedgehog derland, perhaps symbolizes the author's hopeless struggle and consehad unrolled itself, and was in the act of crawling away: besides all quential anxiety in his quest to discern meaning in a world that has this, there was generally a ridge or a furrow in the way wherever she reduced itself to the chaos and perhaps the absurdity comparable to wanted to send the hedgehog to.
that of Wonderland.
It is no accident that the grotesque style in literature tends to be prevalent in eras marked by radical change and stress. Such was the 3) What are the traits of authority and royalty Read the text Victorian period, within which a whirl of social, economic and reliabout the qualities of adults in ‘Alice’ and find the examples in the gious change took place that pulled the rug from underneath the Britchapter.
ish people, then struggling to find meaning in a world they no longer knew. The French revolutionaries, who guillotined the last noble head Prejudice and Perception in Alice in Wonderland before the advent of the eighteenth century, continued to impress the Alice in Wonderland relates directly to Herbert Spencer's arguBritish world during the Victorian age and are thought to have «cerment that «the intellectual traits of the uncivilized... are the traits retainly influenced the thought and the works of every major English curring in the children of the civilized». In Lewis Carroll's presentaauthor for the remainder of the eighteenth century and beyond». In the tion of reality from the point of view of a child's hyperbolic fantasy, nineteenth century came Industrialism and, in the eyes of Victorians, adults are cruel, childlike, irresponsible, impulsive, and self-indulgent its predominantly negative consequences; then, the discovery of scien-- the exact five adjectives Wohl asserts that Victorians attributed to tific proof relating to evolution, which forced the people to question the Blacks and to the lower classes. Carroll manipulates these prejuthe existence of God, a solid cornerstone of British history; and the dices and shows, through Alice's eyes, how these characteristics also Reform Acts, a set of unprecedented laws that gave voting privileges apply to adults, authority figures, and even royalty.
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