whether or not you can enter University depends on the grade that you at "A" level. "A" level stands for «advanced» level and Part 10. Life as a Student / Student's Life these are examinations you take in your final year at school at the age to spend on going out to night clubs or that kind of thing – of 18, usually. You don’t have to take examinations again to enter Uniтратить на ночные клубы или что-то в этом роде versity because the "A" level results are used by the University to judge receive a grant – получить грант / безвозвратную ссуду / whether you are good enough to _ the course.
единовременное денежное пособие на конкурсной основе enough money to take you through about two-thirds of your Part 12. University Life course – этого хватит примерно на 2/3 вашего курса обучения people... used to disperse... and make their own you're going to have to put up the rest of the money somehow entertainment – люди обычно расходились... и каждый находил – вам необходимо будет как-то восполнить недостающую сумму развлечение на свой вкус system of loans through which students can borrow... money theatre productions could be mounted (don’t understand – система кредитования / ссуд, посредством которой студенты моmeaning of mounted here) – можно было посмотреть театральное гут получить заем представление the University sports fields in New Molden – спортивные Part 11. Grades and Levels площадки университета в Нью-Молден everyone is entitled to free higher education – каждый имеет away-matches were held – устраивались (выездные) матчи право на высшее образование (зд.: свободный доступ) the University of London through the Central Students' Unthe grade that you attain at "A" level (advanced) – ваша ion provided facilities at the University of London Union building оценка на экзаменах продвинутого уровня (ULU) [ju:'lu:] – Лондонский университет силами Центрального to assimilate the course – усваивать учебный материал курса союза студентов предоставлял возможность пользоваться разнообучения образными услугами и специально оборудованными помещениями в здании университетского студенческого клуба Task to Parts 10 and 11: Fill in the missing words package deals – зд.: транспортные услуги So what about life as a student, then, in London Well, life was Tasks to Part 12: Answer the questions and express your opinion on pretty busy, it wasn’t quite as _ as you might _ the following because people didn’t have a great deal of money to spend on going out to night clubs or that kind of thing. Most people 1. Was there any particular centre for University life _ to go to University and this amounts to about 3.000 pounds.
2. In which way did a typical student make his/her own enterThat's enough money to you _ about two-thirds of tainment your course, I mean you’re going to have to put up the rest of the money somehow: either by working or, perhaps, your parents will help * you, because life in London is simply too expensive to Not any more.
43 3. Choose among the below listed facilities the ones that toiletries... writing materials – предметы личной гигиены...
a) the School of Economics offered; принадлежности для письма b) the University of London Union building (ULU) provided; Students’ Union also runs a bar (keep mentioning bars) – в c) the LSE Students’ Union had at its disposal. ведении студенческого союза есть также и бар (продолжая тему a bar, a vegetarian restaurant, a swimming pool, a баров) bank, a stage, sports fields, a gymnasium, a sauna, politics, too, was catered for under the Students’ Union’s a restaurant, a school shop, a travel agency.
auspices ['o:spisiz] – студенческий союз также занимался и поли4. Was sport the only sphere of students’ life catered for by the тическими вопросами / руководил работой политических органиStudents’ Union заций 5. Where did the Students’ Union’s money come from with a particular political axe to grind – с определенными 6. What things did the Students’ Union used to spend it’s money политическими целями on help you to publicize yourself – поможет Вам сделать себе паблисити Now listen to the following part of the text again and fill in the gaps.
have to be in a serious tone – должны быть «на полном серьThen discuss it in a group of four.
езе» "The-Edwina-Curry-makes-me-sick-Society" – общество "МеPolitics, too, was for under the Students’ Union’s ausня тошнит от Эдвины Карри" pices: if you wanted to start a political party or a new students’ Tequilа society – Общество любителей тeкилы (кактусовой with a particular political axe to grind, as they say, then водки) you could do that through the Students’ Union, actually taking some of the Union’s funds to help you yourself or the Task to Part 13: Answer the questions that follow money for one or two initial social events. But not all the political societies have to be in a serious tone like the Labour Club and the Con1. How many people and in which positions used to run the Stuservative Clubs. There was a former Health Minister, called Mrs Eddents’ Union wina Curry who made herself unpopular by people’s 2. Why are they called Sabbaticals eating habits. And there was a new society started up two or three years 3. Do many students get usually involved in the organization of ago called ‘The-Edwina-Curry-makes-me-feel-sick-Society’ which was the Students’ Union quite popular for a while. Other societies included a Tequila society. A 4. Do the students really need the Students’ Union in David’s / Tequila is just a drink that you can mix with orange juice and music your opinion If so, why If not, why not and then you’ve got yourself a good time. And a lot of people were attracted to the Tequila Society and it used to make a lot of money as Part 14. Leaders of the Students’ Union well, which should go back to the Students’ Union for spending on The Entertainment Officer – администратор по культурноother.
массовой работе Social Secretary – секретарь по общественным связям Part 13. Students’ Union the Treasurer – казначей LSE (London School of Economics) Students’ Union you Sabbatical – студент или сотрудник, взявший годичный пеdon’t have to join specifically – вам не нужно специально (туда) рерыв в занятиях или работе вступать / записываться to stand a good chance – иметь хорошие шансы 45 to see them through – помогать им учиться A D D I T I O N A L R E A D I N G to plow = to plough back – внести Text A. You probably know that many students in the West take Task to Part 14: TRUE or FALSE "some time off" (usually a year) before going into Higher Education. Read the text and express your opinion on ad1. People study at Universities to socialize and entertain vantages / disadvantages of such a practice themselves. T / F 2. The majority of young people in Britain receive higher Eighteen-year-old Chandra passed her "A" levels in June and has education. T / F a place at London University to study pharmacy. This year she has 3. Specialists in all fields are in great demand in Great chosen not to go straight to London. "I needed a year out", she exBritain. T / F plains.
4. Graduates of higher education institutions are likely "The subject I am going to study will lead, hopefully, to a career to have an income twice as much as non-graduates. T / F in industry. But I realized that I don’t know anything about the world 5. Receiving a University education seems to be a good of work. I’ve spent the past six years having a great time in my girls’ investment. T / F boarding school but I now need a year of responsibility.
I wrote to a few well-known pharmaceutical companies and one of them offered me a job in their laboratory as a "work placement" I am testing anti-flammatory drugs at the moment and getting to know more about the technology used in my chosen field. Apart from gaining practical experience, I’m also earning money for the first time in my life! The company is pleased with my work and have offered to sponsor me through university. They will pay me an extra 1,800 a year while I’m studying and I can work in the labs during the holidays.
And at the end of my studies there will be the option of working for them. It has all worked out so well!", says Chandra enthusiastically.
Text B. Read the text and express your opinion on the points below Life at college There are 46 universities in Britain. Good "A" level results in at least two subjects are necessary to get a place at one. However, good exam passes are not enough. Universities choose their students after interviews, and competition for places at university is fierce.
FREE AT LAST! Most 18 and 19 year-olds in Britain are fairly independent people, and when the time comes to pick a college they usually choose one 47 as far away from home as possible! So, many students in northern and Talking points:
Scottish universities come from the South of England and vice versa. It – Is it a good thing to leave home at the age of 18 What are the is very unusual for university students to live at home. Although paradvantages and disadvantages ents may be a little sad to see this happen, they usually approve of the – Many British people believe that if you do nothing more than move, and see it as a necessary part of becoming an adult.
study hard at university, you will have wasted a great opportunity.
Anyway, the three university terms are only ten weeks each, and What do they mean by saying that Do you agree during vacation times families are reunited.
– How do British universities differ from universities in your country What do you like and dislike about the British system FRESHERS! When they first arrive at college, first year university students Text C. Read the text about Oxford and Cambridge. Be ready to talk are called "freshers". A fresher’s life can be exiting but terrifying for about them in class, emphasizing the details you find most exthe first week.
citing and unusual Often freshers will live in a Hall of Residence on or near the college campus, although they may move out into a rented room in their Oxbridge second or third year, or share a house with friends. Many freshers will Oxford and Cambridge are the oldest and most prestigious unifeel homesick for the first week or so, but living in hall soon helps versities in Great Britain. They are often called collectively Oxbridge.
them to make new friends.
Both universities are independent. The normal length of degree course During the first week, all the clubs and societies hold a ‘fresher’s is three years. Some courses, such as languages or medicine, may be fair’ during which they try to persuade the new students to join their one or two years longer. The students may work for other degrees as society. The freshers are told that it is important for them to come into well. The degrees are awarded at public degree ceremonies. Oxford and contact with many opinions and activities during their time at univerCambridge cling to their traditions, such as the use of Latin at degree sity, but the choice can be a bit overwhelming! ceremonies. Full academic dress is worn at examinations.
On the day that lectures start, groups of freshers are often seen Oxford and Cambridge Universities consist of a number of colwalking around huge campuses, maps in hand and a worried look on leges. Each college is different, but in many ways they are alike. Each their faces. They are learning how difficult it is to change from a school college has its name and its coat of arms. Each college is governed by a community. They also learn a new way of studying. As well as lecMaster. The larger ones have more than 400 members, the smallest coltures, there are regular seminars, at which one of a small group of stuleges have less than 30. Each college offers teaching in a wide range of dents reads a paper he or she has written. The paper is then discussed subjects. Within the college one will normally find a chapel, a dining by the tutor and the rest of the group. Once or twice a term, students hall, a library, rooms for undergraduates, fellows and the Master, and will have a tutorial. This means that they see a tutor alone to discuss also rooms for teaching purposes.
their work and their progress. In Oxford and Cambridge, and some Oxford is one of the oldest universities in Europe. It is the secother universities, the study system is based entirely around such tutoond largest in Britain, after London. The town of Oxford is first menrials which take place once a week. Attending lectures is optional for tioned in the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle in 911 AD and it was popular "Oxbridge" students! with the early English kings (Richard Coeur de Lion was probably After three or four years these students will take their finals.
here). The university’s earliest charter is dated back to 1213.
Most of them will get a first, second or third class degree and be able to There are now more than thirty colleges where men and women put BA (Bachelor of Arts) or BSc (Bachelor of Science) after their are educated together, many from overseas studying for higher degrees.
name. It will have been well earned! 49 Among the oldest colleges are University College, All Souls and Christ Using the Internet look for appropriate material to talk about the folChurch. lowing topics:
The local car industry in East Oxford gives an important addition • At Oxbridge.
to the city’s outlook. There’s a great deal of bicycle traffic both in Ox• Oxford – the Golden Heart of Britain.
ford and Cambridge.
• A college in Oxbridge.
Cambridge University started during the 13th century and has • Cambridge. Its Past and Present.
grown until today. Now there are more than thirty colleges.
On the banks of the Cam willow trees drown their branches into Text D. Read the text and say if the following statements are true or the water. The colleges line the right bank. There are beautiful college false gardens with green lawns and lines of tall trees. The oldest college is Wolverhampton University Peterhouse, which was founded in 1284, and the most recent is Robinson College, which was opened in 1977. The most famous is probably 1. Wolverhampton University is among the UK ten top universiKing’s College because of its magnificent chapel, the largest and the ties.
most beautiful building in Cambridge, its choir of boys and under2. The University offers an extensive under- and postgraduate graduates being also well-known.
The universities have over a hundred societies and clubs, enough 3. The University programmes are delivered through full-time for every interest one could imagine. Sport is part of students’ life at mode.
Oxbridge. The most popular sports are rowing and punting.
4. Besides training the University offers a great variety of serAcademic life in both universities is full and varied. Although vices to the community.
students attend lectures given by professors and lecturers, their work is 5. Access courses are provided by the University.
largely based on a "tutorial" system; each student meets his tutor to 6. The University carries on professional orientation prohave his work scrutinized and discussed. grammes.
Because of their age traditions, historical associations and repu- 7. The University is planning to start extensive international actation the prestige of Oxford and Cambridge is very high, conse- tivities.
quently, competition for admission is extremely keen. 8. The University campuses are located in Birmingham.
9. There are 12 faculties at Wolverhampton University.
10. English is among the six most popular courses at WolverNotes hampton.
degree ceremony – церемония вручения ученых степеней full academic dress – парадная форма одежды The University of Wolverhampton is one of the ten largest Unicoat of arms – герб versities in the UK. It has provided higher education in the region for fellow – младший научный работник over sixty years.
Anglo-Saxon Chronicle – "Англосаксонский кроникл" The University offers an extensive range of specialist degrees Richard Coeur de Lion – Ричард Львиное Сердце and diplomas: over 100 first degrees, over 40 taught Masters procharter – хартия grammes and numerous professional qualifications. It provides the All Souls college – Колледж всех душ widest menu of modular degree subjects available from a British Unithe Cam – река Кэм versity. A unique Modular Masters Scheme creates the possibility of multi-subject study at postgraduate level.
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