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Ocooe aaeue ao paom - mo oaoeue cneuaucmo, paomaux oacmu npoecco u annapamo xuueco mexoouu, c ooocmu ucnooau nycauox annapamo pomopoo muna upoexauecux u menoaccooex npoeccax u ocoau ueepx emoo pacema mux annapamo. Heoxouo omemum, mo nepcnemu anpaeue umecuuauu xuuo-mexoouecux npoecco emc npueeue annapamo c cooepemuecu, ooamop oecmue, omop omocmc nycauoe annapam pomopoo muna.

Amop npuocum aoapocm A. . uuy, M. B. Moacmpcoy u B. M. epoy a coecme ucceoau ao anpaeuu, ocyeue ux peymamo, coem u aeau, amae B. B. Tumoy a noo noomoe amepuaa neamu.

BBEEHE eca xo-exooecx poecco oee eoc exooecoo oopyoa ec oo popex aa pa ay ex. Ocoo oe aeca poy, yee pooeoc ce epoapa a poeee xo-exooecx poecco cy papaoa cooex exooecx aapao c oao yeo epoeoc aepaoeoc, coo cee oec a opaaaee eeca.

B acoee pe epce ayo-exec apaee ec papaoa cooex aapao c ooaop oece a opaaaey cpey a ce cpeoo oa paoy oy acc ep oo ooc.

aapaa, peay eo cpeoo, ooaopoo epeecoo oec a xo-exooece poecc ooc ycaoe aapa poopoo a (APT), p pao oopx ocoa a ecaoapoc ooo eeca, ep yca. eca xo-exooecx poecco APT oycoea ooaop oece a opaaaey y eepoey cpey, aaec ycax ae copoc ooa oc, pao ypyeoc, eco aa, ycax ae oax oeax oc p ycax cxoa aaox ypo, eco yyo oec, cox cox cpeax ycx, aa oc. APT oo oc ox ae ooc poaeco poayceco ep. B paox oeax aapaa a ce ax epao pee oec oapyec aea ooc ooe opaaaeo oc.

APT apeoeoa ce a ocaoo ee ycpoca poee eca poexaecx accooex poecco pax opacx poeoc: xeco poeoc o coyc pooe pax cepc yc, eca accooex poecco; apaeeco oceeco - cpapoa eapcex eec paceoo cp, pooe ax peapao, peo, ae ..; eaypeco opooae poeoc - poee poecco eaa oye paox oce exapoax axx pee; oo-epeeco poeoc - pooe oo-ox yc; aocpoe - pooe caoo-oxaax oce, a ae o ox pyx opacx poeoc, cco oopx oo poo c yaae pepo opeoo paecoo x cooa.

Bece c e APT ocaoo poc ocpy, x ooee e peye cox exoo, o ae e cyaa. Ha epoeoc APT oycoea e, o opaaaea oc ec oopeeo coo oeo poexaecx oea. B APT ocycy poeyoe pacopaop ep, exaeca ep eocpeceo peopayec aycecy aaoy ep, aoap ey ec aapaa ocaoo co. Bcooepeecoe cpeoe oece a opaaaee eeca APT pye x aecee peopaoa, aa oc.

B o e pe, c co cooc ooopae ceo oeca ooaopoo oec a opaaaey oc APT, aya c ae poe: cecopoee cceoae ecx, o-xecx xecx e, ex eco APT p opaoe x eepoex cpe o oece ox ycaox ee, yco ayceco aa, aooeaex peoacx eo, cyeceo x a ecoc exooecx poecco; ayoe oocoae papaoa cooex exooecx aapao c yc oece a opaaaey y eepoey cpey; pooe epee poeoc poexaecx aapao c ooaop yc cooepeec oece; cceoae oecoo oec a opaaaey eepoey oc pax ecx aopo, ecpyx xo-exooece poecc.

Ta opao, eoxoo aeee eopeecoe cepeaoe cceoae ceo oeca eo poecco poeax APT. Peee x aa ocaec peaaeo oopa.

OCHOBHE OOHAEH A - paoa, ;

a - pa aaa, ;

B - oe paecx oep;

b - paccoe ey y a cea cocex aao, ;

C - oepa, /3;

c - copoc ya, /c;

D - aep yyo cpy, ; oe y, 2/c;

d - paep ac, ;

E - ep, ;

F - ya ca poecca;

f - acoa, ;

G - pep oxpea;

J - oo acc eeca, / c;

h - coa aaa, ;

I - ca oa, A;

i - oeco epeeceoo eeca, ; co o;

K - ec aa;

- oe;

L - ea epeee ac, ;

l - a, ;

M - oe, H ;

m - acca;

N - ooc, B;

n - acoa pae poopa, o/c; oeco ypo; oeco pae;

P - aee, a;

Q - pacxo, 3/c;

R - payc, ;

r - paccoe, ;

S - oa, 2;

t, T - pe, c; ca pe, H;

t - eepaypa, ;

U - apee, B;

V - copoc, /c;

W - epaepa copoc;

x - oopaa, ;

y - oopaa, ;

z - co aao;

- oeoe aocoepae, yo;

- oe oeca e, oe accooa, /c; yo;

- oe;

- aop ey poopo caopo, ;

- oe, yea ep, /;

- oe, oaae opo;

- oe ypyeo oc, a c;

- oe;

- oe copoe pe;

- oe aeco oc, a c;

- ooc eeca, /3;

- oepxocoe aee, H/; pee pooc, a; apaoe ooee;

- epaepoe pe, apee, H/2;

- oe;

- yoa copoc, c-1;

- oe ecoo paecoo copoe;

- y aya.

HEC p - poop;

c - caop;

- aepa;

- ae;

o - aa;

- ace ap;

a - aao;

min - a;

max - aca;

mnp - oep o oea;

- epoe;

m - aya;

- apa;

L - oc;

- a;

- acoc;

1 - e.

PTEP = - ooxpooc;

= - Peoca;

= - Cpyxa;

= - poao;

= - pa;

= 1 +1 - ecaoapoc;

= - opoca;

= - Maxa;

= - Beepa;

= - Teopa;

= - Peoca oceo;

= - Peoca oepoa.

COPAEH APT - ycaoe aapa poopoo a;

PA - poop yco-aao aapa;

PA - poopo-ycao aapa;

PAM - poop aapa c oye ooa;

XTA - xo-exooeca aapaypa;

XT - xo-exooec poecc;

XTC - xo-exooeca ccea;

X - o-xec e.

1. OOCHOBAHE ETBHOCT CAOHHX AAPATOB POTOPHOO TA HTEHCA XMO-TEXHOOECX POECCOB 1.1. AHA METOOB HTEHCA XMO-TEXHOOECX POECCOB B acoee pe o epcex eoo eca xoexooecx poecco (XT) oe eoc xo-exooeco aapayp (XTA) pac eo, ocoae a pee pax oxecx eo, coyx ypee ee co ep [1 - 10].

o ecae xo-exooecx poecco poo cce oa oyee poo oceoo ooecoo ea a ce yee pooeoc, , yee epo- aepaoeoc, eoc pyx ca, oe aeca poya, pooecx coax oaaee.

Bce epecee apaep c ee y eca. p eca XT pepa eeapaeoe eee ao-o py aopo, oope oaa e a eee y. Paa a a aa eca:

1) coepecoae cyecyx xo-exooecx cce (XTC);

2) papaoa pao ox XTC [3 - 11].

o XTC oa XT, peaye XTA.

oeceo xapaepc ecoc XT coy paee =, oopoe oaae oeco epeeceoo eeca (ep) - M, () epe ey oa (oea) - S, 2 (3) a ey pee - t, c [9 - 11].

B acoc i o ocox eoepecx pex apaepo XTC, ecx apaepo opaaaeo cpe, opee eoxooc yee yee yaax apaepo yee i [9]. pep i oye a ocoe ex eecx ypae, oope pe cyae e oxaa ceo ooopa cooc e eo- accoepeoca [12 - 14].

ee ao epeoca a = e F - ya ca poecca; k oe copoc exooecoo poecca, oy oocoa oo peooe o eaeoc ooe paccapaeoo poecca o coco epoaecoo paoec aoc paeo oeao epeoca. aaa eex coooe ey ooo epeoca paeo oeaa coy p epoa eopax poecco [15, 16]. pep i aaoe ooy = epoae eopax poecco.

oca eoaccooex, pa poexaecx poecco p eepx peex o opy aopo, a oope eoxoo oecoa yee i, oo cooa poopoaoc M apaepa S, F k. Oo eca eoaccooex poecco pe epeeae, cpeoyc o ep, ceae ece e opaa ooo. eca exaecx poexaecx poecco eoxoo aoe e a ee oex eeo oc, aa epx e [3 - 9, 17, 18].

Meo eca XT (pc. 1.1.1) pae a oece, p oopx XTC paccapa a eoe eoe, eoooe eo, e accpye oee ca XT ee XTA [9]. eoooe eo oo pae a e, eco cae ey coo py: peoexooece aapaypo-ocpye [9]. Be ae eo acce, oope e pey px apa ee ep ae, oope pey apa ee ep [17]. Mey pe ocpy, a acc eoa e poec ey pay. acce eo ae pey apa ep, o ep pacxoyec e o e. cooae ooo XT peoo eoa, a pao copeo c opeee ee XTA c cooae ocpyx eoo. B o cyae oo poec aao ey pe ocpy eoa, ocpy acc eoa. Moe pee ocpye eo ca ey coo, ec eecoopao pe oec oxo pee aa eca XT [3 - 11, 17, 20].

acca eoo XT aa a. 1.1 oaaa a pc. 1.1.1. a eoo eca ocoaec a opeeex o-xecx eax (X). B a. 1.1. yaa oepa aoee coyex X, cco oopx pee e.

1.1. Meo eca Pee ocpye Coeee Coeee aapao: X exooecx poecco: 1, 2, 3, 10, 15, 16, 17, 19, Xݹ 5, 8, 9, 12, 14, 20 20, 21, 22, 23, cooae ypex cooae ex coo ep: X coo ep. X 1, 2, 3, 4, 6, 12 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, Oa pex Oa apaepo: X 1, 2, ocpyx 5, 13, 14 apaepo: X 1, 11, Beee ooeoo Beee ceax eeca paoy oy: eeo aapa: X X 5, 7, 9 6, 10, 11, 19, 20, 21, cpeo-yc o ep: X 2, 3,4,Coae ecaoapoce (eepayp, ae, oepa, ooc ..): X 1, 2, 5, 6, Haoee oe (aoo, epecoo, aycecoo, epoaoo): X 2, 6, 15, 16, 17, 18, 20, 21, 22, 23, o-xece e:

1. Typyeoc - ecoe epeeae oc, yca copoc ae oc p ee ee.

2. aa - pap cooc oc o ece pacax ape, pox opaoa ypo, aoex ao apo.

3. yy e - yceoe opeeeo apae ece peoo ee ae (p, cxoae ypo ..).

4. poyap - peya peoo ee ae oc, a oe eee copoc ee ee pyopooe.

5. epc a - epexo eeca ooo apeaoo coco pyoe.

6. e apaa (xpeopaoae) - epoec cp xpe p oea ea ooo aa oc.

7. e Peepa - cee oepxocoo ae oc o ece oepxoco ax eec.

8. e Cope (epeca y) - epeoc eeca a ce eopoooc.

9. e ypa (yoa eopoooc) - epeoc ea a ce y eeca.

10. e oy - Tocoa - eee eepayp aa p poea eo o ece ocooo epeaa ae co pocce - ecoe pece ooy aa (ap, e, opca epeopoa ..) 11. ap e - pooee oc ye aa (ap), oycoeoe e caa ecaa oepxoc apa.

12. Tpoe - peopaoae exaeco ep eoy p ooceo e e a.

13. e paycoa - acoc oea eooa (accooa) o o e oc.

14 e Peoca - yeee eooa (accooa) a ce yee copoc ooa.

15. e P-ea - yeee eopoooc aepao ao oe.

16. epo- aoceapa - paeee eepoeo cpe a ce paoc epo- aopoooc a.

17. epoope - epeoc ac epeco oe cece a paoex apo y epo o a.

18. epoococ - epeeee oc o ceo apa o ece poeo C.

19. e a (epopaec yap) - eepa yapx o oc p ee epeco pooe.

20. oo-, aepo-, paaoo-, yo-, epo-, aoxece e xece pepae eeca o ece cooecyeo oye, a ae a o ece epecoo oa (epo).

21. eoepec eoa e - ooee opa epa aaeoc eeca o ece eeo ae aoopo.

22. Mao- epocp - eee paepo ea, ae eee eo aaeoc eopa epo epeco oe.

23. Aooea - ooee oea ccee a ce peopaoa ep ocooo e oeaey.

24. Peoac - opacae ay yex oea p coae aco yex oea c coceo acoo oeaeo cce.

oee opoo c eco cyoc paec pee X oo oaoc epaype [3 - 9, 17].

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