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Bce cooaee apaep, eoxoe pacea, opeec ypae (2.1.18) - (2.1.38), (2.4.3), (4.1.1) - (4.1.24); (5.3.6) pyx, peex acoe paoe. B aece ocooo ypae, aaaeo ay pacea ox eecx aecx apaepo, cy ecaoapoe ypaee epy 1 + + + + = = + - + - 1- ceoe peee oo ypae ooe opee acoc,,,, pacca x cpee ae:

= + - + - 1- - 1 = ; = ; = ;

= ; =.

1 p pacee yex ep ycaooo yyoo oec aee aae caopa opeeec a = -. opeee acaoo payca ypa oeoo payca ypa coyec ypaee HoaHeapaca. ec aa opeeec o oyeoy pecoy ypae.

B ypaee Hoa-Heapaca ocaec y ee ae aae caopa a ec epo T.

p pacee ooc, epea ae ey poopo caopo ceye opee a epo pee 1, oa aa caopa epep ceo poopa:

=.

Ocae apaep p pee yaax ypae e pey oeape.

pee ao aa eoxoo oopa eo oa. a pao, eo oa paccapac a eo oca cpeya eeo y. a eoa oocc paee epaee eo oca cpeya y. py eoo e co eoca ooee copo. He aac e opooc o ococa eocaa aoo eoa, pee ae aa ye cooa epae eo, a eo, eo cpae eex y (eo ceo). Meo ceo o pocx pacpocpaex eoo oa, o e ycyae ooc py eoa ooe poo oao aa pee ocaeo aa, o oe ao eepoo eoa pacea [3, 4].

paeca peaa pee ocaeo aa eoo ceo oaaa ocxeo aopa, pecaeo oce oco oa (pc. 7.2.1). eea y pecaea e.

poepa epeex a aee eeo y pcoee ae eeo y oee epao epeex op e aa Bcee cpeya y c oo epeeo Cea ce c ao epeeo Bcee eeo y co ce epee Too aee y Pc. 7.2.1. o-cxea aopa eoa ceo ec,,, - ecoe oe, o opa oopx ac, ao eo apaepo oa pecae poepoa ao epec. Bappy oea oo pa aece popea o opeey ooc, o o ecoo oaaee eoc oec a opaaaey eepoey oc.

pooepye a pacea apaepo oaoo ycaooo aapaa poopoo a eoo ceo. B oe 1 opeeec e ao epeex a eey y, p o, appy ay-o oy epeey, ocae epeee ocac oco ( pcaaec aoe aee). Ec e oo ecox epeex a eey y eeo, o ee x epeo pap ocox e. poeypy oaooo pacea ceye aa c aoee eo epeeo.

o 2 - eeo y pcaaec aeoo aoe aee, oopoe oo oc oo eopeec. Opepo opa ae eeo y oe cy opa, oyea oe 1.

o 3 - poo op e aa ee ao epeex. Bop e aa ocoaec a axoe "ooo cepe" ey peee, apaae a pace, ooc pacea. oeco ao ao epeeo ye pa oaooe.

ou 4 5 - pooc cee ya eeo y oo epeeo. p o ce ocae epeee ocac oco. Tao pace ocyecec ao epeeo, opeec oae ae eeo y cooec c oeco epeex.

o 6 - opeeec cpey eeo y, pe aa epeea opeee oo cpeya ee ayee aee, oe oa 4.

o 7 - oyeoe oe 6 aee eeo y cpaaec co aee, pcoe eeo y oe 2. Ec paa ae eeo y oax 2 7 peae 0,1 %, o pocxo opa o 2 pcoee eeo y ae oa 7. Ec paa aex eeo y oax 2 7 paa ee 0,1 %, o pace aoe.

Ee pa eoxoo oe, o, ecop a opy pace, aaa ec ooapao acoc o ae ecox oeo. oop ecox oeo ec coo aae eoe pacea APT pa op x oeo aoee epoe oce aoe opeeeoo oa cooecyeo aaa peyao pacea p pax aex ecox oeo.

7.3. OCHOBHE HAPABEH PABT ACCA CAOHHX AAPATOB POTOPHOO TA Ha ocoa eopeecx cepeax cceoa oo a, o oco aopa oec a y eepoey cpey ycaox aapaax poopoo a c: 1) exaecoe; 2) poaecoe; 3) poaycecoe oec.

copec cooc a, o ycaoe aapa poopoo a, ocoy pao oopx ooe ep opo aop oec, aac poopoycao aapaa (PA), poaec aapaa poopoo a (APT). ycaoe aapa, ocoy paoy oopx ooe opo pe aop oec, aac poop aapaa c oye ooa (PAM), poaec cpea (C). B oceee pe aco cpeaec aae poopo-yc aapa (PA), oop aa a PA, a PAM. PA e eepoex poecco c epo ao oc, a PAM aox cceax oc - oc. Heoxoo oe, o eo pa o aopa oec ey PA PAM e, oooe paeee oc yco xapaep. C ae o pe aapao, ocoy pao oopx ooe opo pe aop oec, oee oxo ec aae poope ycoaaoe aapa (PA).

Xapaep ocpy paa PA ec ae ecox oceoaex poopo caopo (oocyeaoc), a aop ey poopo caopo oo cye e peeax 0,5 - 2 . PA xapaepa oa cye - o poop o caop - c aopo 0,1 - 0,5 o ao pacooe aao poope caope o oo cea poopa caopa. Haoee ao paoe oo PA ec aop ey poopo caopo, PA - aa caopa.

Cep ocpy exooecx ocoeoce pao ycaox aapao poopoo a accpoa paoax [5, 6]. Ha peoea yoea pacpea acca ocpy po opaa yopoa ycaox aapao poopoo a a. 7.3.1.

Moe x ocpyx exooecx ocoeoce aapao apae a oee eoc pao a ce pex ocox aopo oec. p papaoe ox aapao paec ce oe ocpye ee poepyc oe ay yca ae, cox ape, pa ypyeoc aa.

Taa 7.3.pa T pa T 1. o y - 12 o opaa epoece. oecy oocyea poecca - epepe cyee e oocye ae 2. o y - opye 13 Hae - c yopo. ooe ooe a x opoa coo coo e oea - e - poxoe ooe oo coa 3. o y - paae 14 o y ocpy - oece. ooe exaece poop-caop x - ocee coo poa oea ece epoa e poexa ece 4. oo - ooc 15 o y - coec opaaae poopa. ooa - pae o cpe - ooc ooeo cpe caopa 5. oaa - 16 o y - ea ae opaaae caocaca. ooe - a o cpe e x - o ceppy - e x acoco oeae eeo - ceaa e ee 6. o y - epa 17 o y - oope xooo. pacooe apya aea oope oepc - o opeeeo y aoy 7. o y - pye 18 o y - c cee. opaa pepye aao ooo poyo caope aapae - c o e poope ooo - peyoe epexyo e paea e - coo oypa 8. o - pe 19 o y - aa apae - aoe. paoe - c aao oepxoc pooo - cxoec poopa epoxoaoc caopa poe - oepxoc e ceaoo po epeceae c 9. o y - opoaa 20 o cocoy - caop paoe. pacooe yp poopa aep caopa - caop pec a capy poopa 10 o y - 21 o y - oace. cee poyoa. pacooe - c paoe - pya cepc aep epa eo - pye x oce op poopa caopa 11 aop ey - 22 o - apaeo. poopo peypye. opaa caopo - oco oceoae poxoe cpe o epe cye 7.3.1. COOBAHE ABTOOEATEHX PEOHAHCHX ETOB OBEH ETBHOCT PAOT CAOHHX AAPATOB POTOPHOO TA B aax 3 5 peeo eopeecoe cepeaoe oocoae aooeaeoo pea pao APT c ooe coo oea e epoeoo acoca. poe epoeoo acoca aooeaey ccey aece ooeoo coa oea oo pye aeaee ycpoca c cpeo oae: ecepea, poao, epa aaoe acoc [7].

O eocao APT ec ae "xoocoo xoa", .e. pee pao, oa aa caopa epep poeya ey aaa poopa. B o oe oa pae ee epe paa aop ey poopo caopo, yeae paecoe copoee aapaa , oeo cee, yeae ecoc aycecx oea.

o ac o oo eocaa, APT, oeceax caocoe aop, peaaec ocpy caopa, oopo epeyc yxe coe aa.

yxe aa cae ooe aaa, coe x c apya xoa cpe pacooe pe aapaa. Ta opao, aapae eec ocoo co oea - pepae co co aaa caope ooe - c yx ooe aaa [8].

Ha pc. 7.3.1 opae APT, coepa opyc 1 c apyo xoa 2, py 3 c oaco pacooe apyo xoa 4, cpeey c opyco 1, caop 5 c yx aaa 6 ooo cee, coee ooe aaa 7, pacooe pe 3, c apyo xoa 4, co aaa 8, poop 9 c aaa 10 ooo cee, paoy aepy 11, opaoay opyco 1, po 3 caopo 5.

Opaaaea cpea ocyae epe apyo 4 caoeo ooc poopa 9. ae oo a y ceoa opaaaeo cpe. B epo cyae, oa aa poopa 10 coaa co co aaa caopa 8, cpea poxo epe aa 10 8 paoy aepy 11 oc aapaa epe apyo 2. Bo opo cyae, oa aa poopa 10 coaa c yx aaa caopa 6, cpea epe aa 10, 6, 7, ocyae apyo xoa 4. yxe aa 6 pacooe paoepo ey co aaa 8, ooy p pae poopa 9 pocxo ooepea peaa yx cyae e opaaaeo cpe.

5 11 3 10 11 A A 2 9 A -A - 7 6 Pc. 7.3.1. ycao aapa poopoo a c ooe aaa p peapeo oy ocyaeo ooa opaaaeo cpe c acoo, pao acoe, eeppyeo aapao, oaec ecoc aycecx oea. o ocaec e, o epo "xoocoo xoa" aapaa, .e. p epep cox aao caopa poeya ey oepc poopa, opaaaea cpea epe yxe ooee aa oaec a xo aapaa.

Ta opao, peapeo pooypoaa opaaaea cpea ocyae ooc poopa p op cox oepc caopa xo paoy aepy, oepac opo oy. p o pocxo opacae ay aycecx oea. Heoxo ycoe yce ay oea ec paeco aco oea, eeppyex ep op oyopa. B ycaox aapaax poopoo a acoa aycecx oea ac o yoo aco pae poopa ca aao, ceoaeo, peaaeo ocpy eoxoo coee paeca ca yxx cox aao caopa.

poe oo, eoxoo ooepeoe ope yxx cox oepc caopa, a a p oopeeo x op oo ac cpe oypyec yxx aaax ocyae a xo aapaa. pya, oa ac (a ce pax paecx copoe cox yxx aao) poxo paoy aepy, oepac oo oopao oy. oe oex yco yco caoo op aao eoo paecoo oepoa oye ceye coooe ey co oepc poopa caopa = = :

a) cyae > :

= =1 (p eex ce);

) cyae :

= =1 (p aypax ce).

aoo exooecoo poecca cyecye oe opeeea oaa acoa aaaex aycecx oea, p oopo o poeae aoee cpo aeceo, o ec, cyecyx ocpyx eooo copa pe "xoocoo xoa" poc yeee ca aao (ec acoa oea yec x aya). B peoeo ocpy p eeo acoe oea aeo yec pe "xoocoo xoa" a ce a yxx ooex aao caope , ceoaeo, yeaec paoe eee, a ce eo ae opace ecoc aycecx oea. Ta opao, aapae oee oo coyec paoee pe, .e. oaec eo .

peyeca ao ocpy ae ceye oec yeee pee pea opaaaeo cpe aapae a ce ee poxoe epe yxe ooee aa epo "xoocoo xoa". o cococye eca exooecoo poecca.

oc ce pooeoc "xoocoo xoa" oo ae a ce yee oeca po aao poopa caopa. Heoxoo, o p aao poope e c aao ooceo py pya. o po yee aco eeppyex yca oaoy pacpeee ayceco apy a opaaaey oc o pee.

Bcooaco oop APT paoae cey opao (pc. 7.3.2).

a cec oaec o aee ooc paaeoc poopa 4, aee o aaa poopa 4 epe aop 3 oo oc ocyae aa 7 caopa 5, p o p coee aaa poopa aeo ey a oe aaa caopa oceye x pacxoe eeppyec yc ae [9].

cepeao eopeec ycaoeo, o eeppye ao apo "aa poopa - aa caopa" yc ae ee ooy ooey ac opoy yoy opaey ac. eoc opaeo ac yca cocae o o ce eoc eeppyeoo yca, pay.

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