WWW.DISSERS.RU

    !


Pages:     | 1 |   ...   | 24 | 25 || 27 | 28 |   ...   | 31 |

Tao xapaep px ocec e, o a yaax copocx ccea PA epoe acoc paoae aooeaeo pee, oop opoo oca apapae 3.2 oepe cepeao.

o epe opaca aco pae poopa a poecc ypoa aa aaoe e, o e ceecye oee cae po, oce oo, a aapa xo a pe pao aa.

Heoxoo oe, o ece c poecco ypoa e ae poecc oaece acx ae [1]. Paoeco ccee yc "aco-oa" epeec oo cyc copoy poecca oaece, e ypoa.

ooy p opaoe yc PA y oopeeo a poecca - ypoa oaece ae, apaee pyo pecaa, ao poecco a oe pee ye peoaa [2, 3]. Ta opao, poecco ypoa oo ypa p oo aooeaex e. Taoe e peooee o caao paoax [4, 5]. Haoee xapaepe ooc oyeo yc, p pax peax ypoa oaa a pc. 6.1.4.

= = = Pc. 6.1.4. oopa oyeo yc oy yc co aee cpeeapeecoo aepa ac eee 10-6 pae apyeo ooy, o ac aca, ee paep eee 10-6 , epoaec eyco [3]. p pocoecx cceoax po yc aaoc o ocoeco, o ac aca paepo eee 10-6 a poa ocoo epeeac.

cepeaa acoc cpeeapeecoo aepa ac yc aaooo aooeaeoo pea PA yoeopeo apocpyec peco opyo - - = 616 - 11 +1 1 + - 6 1 Apoca pooac ac, oope p aee opaoe ye e e coeo paepa, o ec, p i >3 (i - co o opao). Heoxoo oe, o aye apaep ee yc, pooea a PA, paoae oopeeo aooeaeo pee pee pao aa.

Bepoee ceo caa ae yc e ee yaopo pocxo a ce opaoa ooo epecoo co a pae paea a [2, 3]. eco, o aaoe e a opaoae oe coox oo [6]. ooy p, e aa eee paa, aaec papyee yc oce oce aepa ae opeeeoo paepa, a a o pee opao ac capyc eaeo. oepee oy c ae cepeae ae, oyee paoe [7].

ea o, oo oe, o aa cococye yee cepcoc caoc yc, aooeaee e oc ae a poecc poe ae.

p ypoa poex ycox eoxoo oo a, oa aeee poeee poecca caoc ee. o opayeaec, o p opeeeo oece o opao p epepo poecce opeeeo eoc epoecoo poecca aeee yeee paepa ac yc oe ao apa ep pee ooec eo.

aoo opeoo cocaa yc cyecye co opeee "pee ace". o pee ac ae o ecoc ypoa. Ha pc. 6.1.oaa pa acoc cpeeapeecoo aepa ac 2,5 % yc eoo aca M-10 oe o paoc opao p pax copocx pae poopa. "Baee" paa po = p = 18,8 /c oe aooepoc ec peyao pao PA aooeaeo pee, o ocyaoc ye e. Aaoy acoc e pe a pc. 6.1.6, e pao [8] 3 % yc "yoe oca ceecx px co - oa".

o acpapoac o opex cex ax, ocpo pa acoc ooe e ee cpeeapeecoo aepa ac p yee paoc opao a ey aepy peyeo a (pc. 6.1.7). a o pcya, a acoc oo apaepa o oc opao e e ecoc ypoa. To ec, ooceoe yeee cpeeapeecoo aepa ac e ac o yee yoo copoc poopa yee e aopa ey poopo caopo, oope peypy ecoc oec a opaaaey oc opeo aapae, a ac o cooyoc cex eoepecx pex apaepo aapaa, ecx coc oce aaoo paepa ac yc.

d 1 6 1 i Pc. 6.1.5. acoc cpeeapeecoo aepa ac yc o paoc opao PA = 0,1 :

1 Rp = 13,8 /c; 2 Rp = 18,8 /c; 3 Rp = 23,9 /c; 4 Rp = 28,9 /c d 1 6 i Pc. 6.1.6. acoc cpeeapeeca aepa ac yc o oeca o opao PA: Rp = 12,6 /c:

1 - = 0,2 ; 2 - = 0,15 ; 3 - = 0,1 d - d i i+d i 1 6 i Pc. 6.1.7. pa 1 - o a pc. 6.1.6; pa 2 - o a pc. 6.1.5:

- Rp = 13,8 /c; - Rp = 18,8 /c; - Rp = 23,9 /c; - Rp = 28,9 /c Rp = 12,6 /c: - = 0,2 ; - = 0,15 ; - = 0,1 6.2. CCEOBAHE POECCA CEPPOBAH poecc pooe coocepcx cyce poo pacpocpae xeco exoo. eee epx ac eoxoo a oye oeoo poya (pac, cpoee aepa ..), a ooo cp ocooy poeccy (eaae, pacopee, acop ..).

cepeao poep oe papye epx ac APT, papaoao apapae 4.3, poee cepe o ceppoa oex ac, x o ope apaeeey, aece oopx ac eoo oeeapaa MMA ap ap-2M (T 6-01-707-72), coa apooa ea, oapoa (T 6-06-309-70) opoae ac aeacpa (cpoeoo ca). ac oepo peca coo cpyo poy c paepa: oeeapa - 1 ; oapoa -aep 1.

ac aeacpa ceao opoa epe poeee cepeo o ee. Bo pacop aeacpa aoc a cy eaecy oepxoc coe oo 2 . oce oo a pooo epoe cxaae pacopa, eo apea a y co copoo 2 . oce ape ac cya p oao eepaype oca a cy o ooo cxaa. oyey cec ac pocea a cax opee payoepec coca. o eoxoo o ea ooy, o, ecop a cpeee oppoa ac ooo paepa, p cxa pocxoa eopa papyee eoopx ac.

cepe o ee ac oapoaa, oeapaa aceca poo a PA-200. oo, o ye oe coyeoo aepaa, , o e pe, poo cyce c coepae epo a e eee 10 % o oea, xoo apyo aapaa aooa c xo apyo, a py cyce epe aapa ocyecac a ce epoex c, eo poope ycaoe oa. Ha xoo apye ycaoe p, oopo copac ce ac poee epe aapa. Ta opao, ac poxo epe aapa oo o pa, ce ac, oope oepc ee, poxo oopay opaoy ao oe aapaa.

ooceo acx ypyx aepao, ax a oapoa oeeapa xapaepa paoa cxea ee payoepecoo cocaa ac. pa acoc ee aoeo paepa ac p opaoe o yoo copoc poopa oaa a pc. 6.2.1. op px oox pao po .

cepeae pe pacpeee ac oapoaa oeeapaa o paepy oce ceppoa p pax yox copocx pae poopa oaa a pc. 6.2.2 6.2.3. eee op px pacpeee o paepy oox aepao p yee yoo copoc pae poopa oaae, o cec ac cpec oocepcoc.

1 c Pc. 6.2.1. pa acoc cpeeapeecoo aepa ac o yoo copoc poopa: 1 - oapoa; 2 - oeapa Ha pc. 6.2.2 6.2.3 oaa ae pacee pe pacpeee ac o paepa, oye cooec c eoo pacea payoepecoo cocaa ac, ocao apapae 4.3. Cpaee pacex cepeax px oaae, o pacee cepeae ae a yoeopeoe coaee p ox yox copocx pae poopa. Hecoaee pacex cepeax px pacpeee ac p x yox copocx oo oc eoo copoc coee aao poopa caopa , cooeceo, o acoo exaecoo oaa paox oepxoce poopa caopa c opaaae aca.

cepe o ceppoa ac aeacpa oaa, o x eee pocxo, paec, o eoo coco. eee yoo copoc poopa e e a poecc ee. pe pacpeee ac o paepa p ceppoa e oac py o pya. Cpe paep ac aeacpa oce ee coca ooo 0,1 . Ta opao, oo cea o, o xpyx ac co cao eoeypo c ceppoae pocxo a ce exaecoo poaecoo aopo oec, .e. a ce cpax yapx apyo.

B aee xoeoc oe, o aa acoeo cceoa e xoo yee cex ocoeoce poecca ee epx aepao APT acoc o x paepo, aoa pacpeee ac o paepy cec, ecx apaepo aepaa, eoepecx exooecx apaepo aapaa ..

aae oc opeeee aeaoc papaoao oe papye epx ac aapae peaoy poeccy.

= PC. 6.2.2. PBE PACPEEEH ACT OMETMETAPATA O PAMEPAM OCE CEPPOBAHP PAHX OBX COPOCTX BPAEH POTOPA:

CEBA - CEPMEHTAHE AHHE, CPABA- PACETHE AHHE PC. 6.2.3. PBE PACPEEEH ACT OAPOAMA O PAMEP OCE CEPPOBAH P PAHX OBX COPOCTX BPAEH POTOPA:

CEBA - CEPMEHTAHE AHHE, CPABA- PACETHE AHHE 6.3. CCEOBAHE POECCA PACTBOPEH NaCl BBOE P OPAOTEB CAOHHOM AAPATE POTOPHOO TA Pacopee pax coe ec pacpocpae poecco xeco exoo. APT xopoo apeoeoa ce a ycpoca, cyeceo ecpye poecc pacope cceax "epoe - oc" [10].

Pacopee epx ac oc p opaoe APT pocxo oopeeo c poecco ceppoa p exaeco oae ac c pao oepxoc poopa caopa aapaa. Pacopee ac cpay e oce exaecoo papye oepac ooaopoy oec aae caopa, aey ce ypyee yca copoc ooa oc p yco oe aa caopa, yape cepece o p ycax aaox ypo yyoe oece p x cxoa.

ycoe oece ooa oc a pacopey acy aaoo oec coocopocoo ypyeoo ooa aae epeeoo cee oypa. Xaoece ypyee yya copoc pax coe oc coa oe coe yc a oepxoc epo ac, o cococye yee e yooo co, ycae eo ooc, oeceae po cee oc oepxoc pacopeo ac. ycaooe oece a epy acy oc p ycax eax aaox ypo aaec coa coocopocx ooo oc y oepxoc ac.

Ha oepxoc epx e cea axoc ee aoe apoe yp.

p oec yca papee oc ype pacpec, a p oe ae - cxoaec c opaoae yyo cpy, poae epoe eo. copee poecca pacope epo ac p yyo oec ocaec a a ce yee oa oepxoc ac, a a ce yee o yooo co.

cepeaoe cceoae poecca pacope APT a PA poo a ycaoe, ocao apapae 5.1. Boa opeeeo oee aaac ep a pypoaa epe acoc PA opao ep a o ayoy oypy[11]. Haeca aeo co (NaCl) acaac ep a a pe, paoe pee a poa o epe PA. Bec op co paccac a opao, o oepa co a a 10 % oe oepa ace paccoa. oooe peee eoxoo cy a pece aeo co. Xec coca co (OCT 13830-87) cey: NaCl - 89,4; Ca - 0,89; Mg - 0,96; SO4 - 1,79; aa 0,8; epacop ocao - 6,16 %. o e pooo a aao poopa poecce pacope, c co poceac a apoox cax ce pa oee 2 oceac. payoepec coca pcao aeo co, acaeo ep a ycao: pa o 0,5 -33,8 %; pa o 0,5 o 1,0 - 34,4 %; pa o 1,0 o 1,5 - 24 %; pa o 1,5 o 2,0 - 4,1 %.

B poecce pacope aep oepa co oe ye oopa po ee ooc paccoa. opeee oepa NaCl oe cooac aop caapx ecepo 19 (OCT 1500-57). pe ee oepa co poecce pacope oaa a pc. 6.3.1. pao o, o peea oepa ocaec paec a 20 c, o cooecye ooy y poxoe oc epe PA.

o eco acoc "oepa - pe" opeec oe accooa (copoc pacope) o opye yapea:

= -.

Ocoo pyoc p opeee oea accooa o ypae ec pace oa pacope. B ae cyae ee ceye oye: pca NaCl e pay yecy opy; pacpeeee paepo pcao yp oo pa cooecye opaoy aoy.

CNaCl, / C l 1 t Pc. 6.3.1. pa acoc oepa NaCl oe o pee p pacope PA. = 1 - Rp = 5,2 /c; 2 - Rp = 15,7 /c; 3 - Rp = 26,2 /c oeco pcao ao pa opeeoc ye ocea pcao poax, caoc o ce pca e paep, pa cpeey paepy pa.

Opeeac oa oepxoc ac oo pa, a ae oa oa ac aece. o opye yapea opee cpe ey oea accooa.

B apapae 4.4 a papaoaa oe poecca pacope "epoo oc" p opaoe PA e ypae (4.4.5):

- = 6.

poep aeaoc peaaeo oe pacope oeac oe accooa p pax peax pao PA. Ha pc. 6.3.2 oaa pa acoc oea accooa o copoc coee aao poopa caopa.

pe, ocpoee o pacey cooec c ypaee (4.4.5), yoeopeo cooecy cepea a, oye p ax e apaepax.

oe eoc cooa ep cooeceo e ceye - - ae: = 1; = 1 ; = 1. epe po a 1 /c oaae, o e oo ae aae caac e aaox eo.

.1 6 1 1 1 16 1 Rp, /c Pc. 6.2.2. pa acoc oea accooa o copoc coee aao poopa caopa. Coe - pace, o - cepe.

- 1 - = 1, 2 - = 1 1 = 1, = CCO TEPATP ABE 1. pynu C. B. Cyce yc eepocoo ee. aa: -o XT, 1978. 78 c.

2. emo B. yc. x eop execoe peee / ep. c a. o pe..

A. Peepa. M.: ocp. ., 1950. 680 c.

3. ycuu. ep. c a. / o pe. . epaa. .: X, 1972. 448 c.

4. apneo . A., Tpou O. A., apneo . A. cceoae xapaepc cepcoc yc, oyex p ceppoa oce poopoycao aapao // Teope. oco x. exo. 1978. T. 12. 5. C. 780 783.

5. apneo . A., apneo . A. cceoae popeoacoo ceppoa eceaxc oce ee acaa // Teope. oco x. exo. 1976. T.

10. 1. C. 87 - 95.

Pages:     | 1 |   ...   | 24 | 25 || 27 | 28 |   ...   | 31 |






2011 www.dissers.ru -

, .
, , , , 1-2 .