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25. Jungelaus H. J. Uber den einfluss des kavetationsvolumens auf den kavitationsmechanismus // Acustica, 1971. V. 27. 3. P. 145 - 150.

26. Flynn H. G. Pulsations and models for cavitation bubbles // J. Acoustical Society of America, 1975. V. 58. 6. P. 1160 - 1170.

27. oycae .., opaeuo A. B., puamypu H. A. Bo ae oc c ypa apa // Booe poecc yxax cpeax. Hoocpc: T CO AH CCCP, 1980. C. 20 - 46.

28. pomo M. A., epo B. M. O oppoa aaox opaoa poopo aapae c oye ooa // Bec TT. 1995. T. 1. 3, 4. C. 311 - 315.

29. pomo M. A. cepeae cceoa yco aa aapae a poaeco cpe // Ayc. ypa. 1997. T. 43. 4. C. 566 569.

30. ocmamuo . M. paa. .: Ba ., 1988. 398 c.

31. Apyao . C. aa ecx paecx copoex. M.:

ep, 1978. 304 c.

32. Poeep . . aaoa oac. B.: Moe ypayoe o / o pe. . . Poeepa. M.: Haya, 1968. . 5. C. 221 - 266.

33. uu A. . paa exaa pepcx ee. M.: oa, 1997.

308 c.

34. Cupom M.. cepeae cceoa ypayoo aa.

B.: Moe ypayoe o / o pe. . . Poeepa. M.: Haya, 1968. . 5. C. - 220.

35. epa . pay eo peee aye exe. M.: ocp. pa, 1957. 726 c.

36. Coouuceu, oaa p poaeco aa / B. C.

Bepao, M. A. Mapyc, C. B. e p. // yp. . x. 1990. T. 64. 12. C. - 3361.

37. Xuuecue o-xece poecc ox, coaaex poaycec yae / A. . ypo, E. A. Copoo, . B. ao, M. A.

Mapyc // yp. . x. 1986. T. 60. 4. C. 893 - 897.

38. u. a ayceco aa ocx. B .: eca ayca / o pe. . Moa. M.: Mp, 1967. T.1. .. C. 7- 138.

39. apeo . ., pacuuo B. A. Beee eey aycy. M.: Haya, 1966. 519 c.

40. ymuo B. A. Oco ypaya: e. oco. .: -o , 1980.

280 c.

41. Promtov M. A., Kuleshov Yu.V. The use of resonant phenomena for effectiveness of acoustic technological apparatuses // Transactions of TSTU, 1999. V. 5. 1. P. 90 - 94.

42. Experimental detection of a subharmonic route to chaos in acoustic cavitation through the tutig of a piezoelectric cavity / C. Cabeza, A.C. Sicardi - Schifino, C. Negreira, and G.

Montaldo // J. Acoustical Society of America. - 1998, 103 (6). P. 3227 - 3229.

43. Cnpaou o cea y / o pe. M. Apaoa .

Caa. M.: Haya, 1978. 832 c.

Ha pc. 5.3.7 peea pa 3, oyea o a [33]. cceoa, poeee aopo pao [33] oepa peee acoc.

eoc eeppyex aycecx oea oc oo ae oe o ooe ay aaox yco aye eeppyeo o. Xapaepe ocopa aaox yco ae x coooee c eeppyeo oo oaa a pc. 5.3.9.

Ocopa oaa, o aaoe yp aa cxoac cpay e oce opaoa, a opaeo paopeeo yce ae oce oo, a aee oc aae opaca.

Ha pc. 5.3.10 oaa pa acoc =. a acoc apocpyec opyo - +1661 - =, (5.7) 1- - - ec < -166 1 - o =.

Ba apaepo ec ea caecoo ae paoe aepe aae caopa PA, a a oa e a ecoc pae aa. B paoe [16] pee pa acoc ape a pooe, poopoaoo ocpaeoy aycecoy ae, o ae aepe, oope e acy p aex 1 - =. Ha cceoa oaa, o p oee cox aex acy ceac copoy yee P p yee (pc. 5.3.11). o oo oc e, o p yee yeaec P cpeee copoee pepae PA. Aaoe acoc oye a oea aaooo acepa (pc. 5.3.12).

o opocy o eepayp opaaaeo oc a ecoc pae aa epaypx coax cpeac poopee ae. Ta, paoe [34] ecoc aa oea o ee eca aeoo pa, oeeoo oy aa. Bec pa p aaoo oec yeaec c yeee eepayp oc.

Aop pao [35 - 37] oaa, o ecoc cooce yeaec p yee eepayp. p cceoa aa oe p eepaype 298 - aya aaox yco yeaec a 70 %.

Coepeo poopeae eyaa a oye peya paoax [26, 38]. oapye acy po aex ac p aa oe, oo cpe epexxopco yepoe p yee eepayp. o, apep acy po, cooecye peo 50 C.

= = = Pc. 5.3.9. Ocopa aaox yco Pc. 5.3.10. acoc ooceo ay aaox yco o pep Sh.

1 - Re = 58 000; 2 - Re = 53 000; 3 - Re = 49 000; 4 - Re = 46 U.P. 6 1 1 1 1 6 Pc. 5.3.11. acoc ecoc aa o ae paoe aepe:

1 Rp = 25,1 /c; 2 Rp = 22,5 /c; 3 Rp = 18,8 /c; 4 Rp = 15,1 /c;

5 Rp = 12,6 /c; 6 Rp = 9,90 /c; 7 Rp = 6,30 /c V P. 6 1 PC. 5.3.12. ABCMOCT OEMA ABTAOHHOO ACTEPA OT ABEH BPAOE AMEPE OBBAH V 1 6 t Pc. 5.3.13. acoc oea aaooo acepa o eepayp o ecoc aa PA o eepayp a cceoaa [33]. ec acy acoc ay aaox yca o eepayp pxoc, pepo, a eepaypy pay 50 C. cepeae cceoa oepa oey o poopoaoc ooc eeco ep cpe aaooy ae a oeo ca axoa ypa, yy [33]. cxo o oe, ae peoaaec, o aa payc aaox apoe pae 10-. Oao, ao ae, o exa cepea a ocpoea a opao, o oy peapeo apea o 90 C, a ae o epe oca poo epe aaox yco. Ta opao, oa peapeo a oeea o o e, aocoepae o o aeo ee p oca, e aocoepae o p eepaype, oopa e eepayp e. apoe aa, ceoaeo, o oe ee, ee, cooeceo, aaox ypo. aaoe yp, a opao, e ea py pyy, e pocxoo coo ooe yco.

B cy a x poope, eoxoo o yo acoc aa o eepayp. o yeo e eepayp oc a cpe oe aaooo acepa. cepe pooc a cee oopooo oe.

Hape o pocxo eocpeceo epo ae cepeaoo cea, oa pypoaa o ayoy oypy epe a aapa. o epe apea pooac oocea aaox opaoa.

pa, pecaee a pc. 5.3.13, oaa, o acoc cpeeo oea aaooo acepa o eepayp ee cpea xapaep. Ocoeo aee acy oea aaooo acepa p eepaype 25 C =. o aee copoc epep ec opoo aaa poca aaooo acepa, ooy acy acoc ec oee pae.

Macy oea aaooo acepa a 25 C, epoo, ac o ax ecx xapaepc oc, a oc, ooc, oepxocoe aee, aee acex apo, aocoepae. eee eepayp po oe ae acex apo oc, aocoepa yee ooc oc. oee ae acex apo aopo caaec a pa aa, a a o cyae peyec oee a ea ay ycoo ae oce cpoaoo ae apaepa aa.

Ta e opao poec e oc a poecc pa aa.

Be ooc aocoepa oc a aa eooao.

aocoepae coooo aa oc opacae a ce oo, o ee yp yeac oee p oe eepayp. o po yee oeo ca apoe aa co aaox ypo yeaec.

a ce yee oeoo aocoepa oc ee ooc yeaec.

eee aocoepa yeee ooc po oy, o yaea oa eco ooaec ao cpee, yeaec epy e. B o cyae oa yeac aya yco ae, eeppyex aapao, o o oepeo cepeao.

5.4. PAOTA CAOHHX AAPATOB POTOPHOO TA B ABTOOEATEHOM PEOHAHCHOM PEMAX 5.4.1. cceoae aooeaeoo pea pao ycaooo aapaa poopoo a c ooe coo oea e epoeoo acoca Moe aooeaeo cce e APT - ooe co oea a paccopea apapae 3.2.1. oee opoo o ocao aoece PA c ooe coo oea e epoeoo acoca. cepeao poep o oe o xooy apyy APT a PA oe epoe acoc a 45/30. Paoococooc aooeaeo cce poep o aay cepa yca ae a pax yacax aooeaeo cce. Cepa aa poo p oo pooa aa ap aaaopa apo x aco C 5-3. Cep oea ca a xoe ooeoo coa oea paoe aepe aapaa.

cpe cep oea paoe aepe ca ecox oax o paao po. Paccoe o xoa aa caopa o o, oopo ycaaa poo, ooa a. poo ycaaa cpoo apo aaa caopa a = . B aece epeeoo apaepa, o oopoo ace cpe cep, a paa ocoa acoa oea, eeppyex pepaee =, e acoa pae poopa, o/c; - co aao poope.

cepe pooc a cee oopooo oe p eepaype = - ae paoe aepe = 6 1 a. Bce cepeae ae poxo cacecy opaoy. Oocea opeoc epe ape, caeoo c pooa e peaa 8 %. B oox cceoax e eoxooc epeo apee e ae, a a ac epecye coooee e ay yca ey coo p pax. Hapee a pooe poopoao ocpaeoy ae ( ao aaoe aco).

EHTPOEH HACOC OEH O BXOHOM ATP AAPATA, ME ECT OATO HA PAOEM OECE OB -COPOCT BPAEH BAA =. OCHOBHA ACTOTA CA ABEH B EHTPOEHOM HACOCE OPEEAC A = = = 6 .

Ha pc. 5.4.1 - 5.4.4 oaa pa acoc ay epo, opo, pee eepo apo cepa yca paoe aepe acoc o aco p pax. a o pao, a acoax 150, 280, 380, 570, 750, 860, 1000 poceac acy ay yca ae a 1 - 4 apoax. Macy ay apo ocoo aco oea aapae yoeopeo coaa c cpe po aco, oyex p pee ypae (3.2.6). Ooe o pacex ae coca 10 - 15 %. Ocoeo ae opaca ay a yaax acoax o 2 3 apoax ocoo aco oea aapae.

Aa ay apo acoc o oopa o epe paoe aepe oaae, o o epe yae o pepae aapaa aycece o ecoo ayxa. eee ay o p = o cpae c e ocec e, o poo o oe yaae e oo o, ye aaa caopa, apo oopoo o ycaoe, o o, pacpocpaec cocex aao caopa.

U f, Pc. 5.4.1. pa acoc ay 1, 2, 3 apo o ocoo aco oea.

l = 1 -1 - 3 - U f, Pc. 5.4.2. pa acoc ay 1, 2, 3 apo, o ocoo aco oea ( = ) U f, Pc. 5.4.3. pa acoc ay 1, 2, 3, 4 apo, o ocoo aco oea ( = ) U f, Pc. 5.4.4. pa acoc ay 1, 2, 3, 4 apo o ocoo aco oea poep oec aycecoo o, coaaeoo pepaee APT, a aycecoe oe, coaaeoe ooe coo oea, o ec, opao c aooeaeo ccee, poo ycaaa a xoo apye ooeoo coa oea. acoc oea, pecppyex pooo, o ocoo aco oea aapae oaaa a pc. 5.4.5.

aaa paa ceye, o aya yca epoeo acoce aeo opacae p coae ocoo aco oea, eeppyeo APT, c oaco acoo ooeoo coa oea ee opo apo.

poee cepaoo aaa oea ooeo coe aapa a cce, a poo ycaaa a xoo apye coa oea. Coo cep aycecoo o ooeoo coa oea oaa a pc. 5.4.6. Ha cepe aeo coe peoaae yca a cex apoax cyapoax oaco aco ooeoo coa oea.

Boa, yaea paoy aepy aapaa, ec eooxpoaeco oo, .e. aapoo. o oycoeo e, o epo pee 1, a oop aa poopa coaa c aaa caopa, aeo ee, e epo pee, eee oopoo aa caopa ap ceo poopa. B ae cyae ooee 1 pao 15, 7.

o po oy, o po eeppyeo o oaec o cycoao paec yapo. poe aapooc pepae aapaa, a cep aycecoo o ae ece coca opaaaeo oc.

U f, Pc. 5.4.5. acoc ay yca ae a xoo apye ooeoo coa oea o ocoo aco oea PA U 1.1.0.0.f, Pc. 5.4.6. Cep yca ae, eeppyex ooe coo oea Paccop e eex coc oc a xapaep pacpocpae aycecx o oc. oca aycecx oe o oeo ay eoxoo ya eee e ypaex poa [39]. o oa oeo ay eeo ayce oa o oo ay, ca ce yape o a px papx.

yea eex coc cpe o ee apaep =, e = 6 = = = = = = 6 = - aaaec oy oeo ypyoc; - "ee" oy oeo ypyoc. Hee oe yeae oay eco copoc o cpee. Boa peao cpee poecce pacpocpae peepeae cae. o yaec ee apaepo. Hee apaep e ec ocoo eo. O ac o ox xapaepc cpe. Hapep, p yee eepayp o epae 20 - 100 pocxo yeee = 4,5 - 6,5.

Tae ecoo opacae c yeee pocaecoo ae oepa pacopo ox coe [40]. Ec oc axoc yp aa, o ee apaep oe yeac aeo, ae p ao oepa. Oa oopooa oa oaeo coep yp aa. Cyeceoe yeee ca paepo aox ypo ae aa, oopa oc aey opay ee apaep.

Heee coca peao oc aapooc pepae aapaa (a aycecoo coa) po oy, o yaea oa oocc accy o oeo ay. Bcece oo aaec epeoc yoo ep o x apo c. e cee oa oaec o apoeco, e oae ee cep [2].

ecoc eooxpoao o oo peca e [40] =, (5.4.1) =e - aya oeaeo copoc a k - o apoe, /c; - paoeca ooc cpe, /3; - copoc ya, /c.

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