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Macy oea aaooo acepa a 25 C, epoo, ac o ax ecx xapaepc oc, a oc, ooc, oepxocoe aee, aee acex apo, aocoepae. eee eepayp po oe ae acex apo oc, aocoepa yee ooc oc. oee ae acex apo aopo caaec a pa aa, a a o cyae peyec oee a ea ay ycoo ae oce cpoaoo ae apaepa aa.

Ta e opao poec e oc a poecc pa aa.

Be ooc aocoepa oc a aa eooao.

aocoepae coooo aa oc opacae a ce oo, o ee yp yeac oee p oe eepayp. o po yee oeo ca apoe aa co aaox ypo yeaec.

a ce yee oeoo aocoepa oc ee ooc yeaec.

eee aocoepa yeee ooc po oy, o yaea oa eco ooaec ao cpee, yeaec epy e. B o cyae oa yeac aya yco ae, eeppyex aapao, o ooepeo cepeao.

5.4. PAOTA CAOHHX AAPATOB POTOPHOO TA B ABTOOEATEHOM PEOHAHCHOM PEMAX 5.4.1. cceoae aooeaeoo pea pao ycaooo aapaa poopoo a c ooe coo oea e epoeoo acoca Moe aooeaeo cce e APT - ooe co oea a paccopea apapae 3.2.1. oee opoo o ocao aoece PA c ooe coo oea e epoeoo acoca. cepeao poep o oe o xooy apyy APT a PA oe epoe acoc a 45/30. Paoococooc aooeaeo cce poep o aay cepa yca ae a pax yacax aooeaeo cce. Cepa aa poo p oo pooa aa ap aaaopa apo x aco C 5-3. Cep oea ca a xoe ooeoo coa oea paoe aepe aapaa.

cpe cep oea paoe aepe ca ecox oax o paao po. Paccoe o xoa aa caopa o o, oopo ycaaa poo, ooa a. poo ycaaa cpoo apo aaa caopa a = . B aece epeeoo apaepa, o oopoo ace cpe cep, a paa ocoa acoa oea, eeppyex pepaee =, e acoa pae poopa, o/c; - co aao poope.

cepe pooc a cee oopooo oe p eepaype = - ae paoe aepe = 6 1 a. Bce cepeae ae poxo cacecy opaoy. Oocea opeoc epe ape, caeoo c pooa e peaa 8 %. B oox cceoax e eoxooc epeo apee e ae, a a ac epecye coooee e ay yca ey coo p pax. Hapee a pooe poopoao ocpaeoy ae ( ao aaoe aco).

EHTPOEH HACOC OEH O BXOHOM ATP AAPATA, ME ECT OATO HA PAOEM OECE OB -COPOCT BPAEH BAA =. OCHOBHA ACTOTA CA ABEH B EHTPOEHOM HACOCE OPEEAC A = = = 6 .

Ha pc. 5.4.1 - 5.4.4 oaa pa acoc ay epo, opo, pee eepo apo cepa yca paoe aepe acoc o aco p pax. a o pao, a acoax 150, 280, 380, 570, 750, 860, 1000 poceac acy ay yca ae a 1 - 4 apoax. Macy ay apo ocoo aco oea aapae yoeopeo coaa c cpe po aco, oyex p pee ypae (3.2.6). Ooe o pacex ae coca 10 - 15 %. Ocoeo ae opaca ay a yaax acoax o 2 3 apoax ocoo aco oea aapae.

Aa ay apo acoc o oopa o epe paoe aepe oaae, o o epe yae o pepae aapaa aycece o ecoo ayxa. eee ay o p = o cpae c e ocec e, o poo o oe yaae e oo o, ye aaa caopa, apo oopoo o ycaoe, o o, pacpocpaec cocex aao caopa.

U f, Pc. 5.4.1. pa acoc ay 1, 2, 3 apo o ocoo aco oea.

l = 1 -1 - 3 - U f, Pc. 5.4.2. pa acoc ay 1, 2, 3 apo, o ocoo aco oea ( = ) U f, Pc. 5.4.3. pa acoc ay 1, 2, 3, 4 apo, o ocoo aco oea ( = ) U f, Pc. 5.4.4. pa acoc ay 1, 2, 3, 4 apo o ocoo aco oea poep oec aycecoo o, coaaeoo pepaee APT, a aycecoe oe, coaaeoe ooe coo oea, o ec, opao c aooeaeo ccee, poo ycaaa a xoo apye ooeoo coa oea. acoc oea, pecppyex pooo, o ocoo aco oea aapae oaaa a pc. 5.4.5.

aaa paa ceye, o aya yca epoeo acoce aeo opacae p coae ocoo aco oea, eeppyeo APT, c oaco acoo ooeoo coa oea ee opo apo.

poee cepaoo aaa oea ooeo coe aapa a cce, a poo ycaaa a xoo apye coa oea. Coo cep aycecoo o ooeoo coa oea oaa a pc. 5.4.6. Ha cepe aeo coe peoaae yca a cex apoax cyapoax oaco aco ooeoo coa oea.

Boa, yaea paoy aepy aapaa, ec eooxpoaeco oo, .e. aapoo. o oycoeo e, o epo pee 1, a oop aa poopa coaa c aaa caopa, aeo ee, e epo pee, eee oopoo aa caopa ap ceo poopa. B ae cyae ooee 1 pao 15, 7.

o po oy, o po eeppyeo o oaec o cycoao paec yapo. poe aapooc pepae aapaa, a cep aycecoo o ae ece coca opaaaeo oc.

U f, Pc. 5.4.5. acoc ay yca ae a xoo apye ooeoo coa oea o ocoo aco oea PA U 1.1.0.0.f, Pc. 5.4.6. Cep yca ae, eeppyex ooe coo oea Paccop e eex coc oc a xapaep pacpocpae aycecx o oc. oca aycecx oe o oeo ay eoxoo ya eee e ypaex poa [39]. o oa oeo ay eeo ayce oa o oo ay, ca ce yape o a px papx.

yea eex coc cpe o ee apaep =, e = 6 = = = = = = 6 = - aaaec oy oeo ypyoc; - "ee" oy oeo ypyoc. Hee oe yeae oay eco copoc o cpee. Boa peao cpee poecce pacpocpae peepeae cae. o yaec ee apaepo. Hee apaep e ec ocoo eo. O ac o ox xapaepc cpe. Hapep, p yee eepayp o epae 20 - 100 pocxo yeee = 4,5 - 6,5.

Tae ecoo opacae c yeee pocaecoo ae oepa pacopo ox coe [40]. Ec oc axoc yp aa, o ee apaep oe yeac aeo, ae p ao oepa. Oa oopooa oa oaeo coep yp aa. Cyeceoe yeee ca paepo aox ypo ae aa, oopa oc aey opay ee apaep.

Heee coca peao oc aapooc pepae aapaa (a aycecoo coa) po oy, o yaea oa oocc accy o oeo ay. Bcece oo aaec epeoc yoo ep o x apo c. e cee oa oaec o apoeco, e oae ee cep [2].

ecoc eooxpoao o oo peca e [40] =, (5.4.1) =e - aya oeaeo copoc a k - o apoe, /c; - paoeca ooc cpe, /3; - copoc ya, /c.

C ey aee oeaeo copoc oco o aae caopa =.

Cyeo o opy ee = = (5.4.2).

=1 =Bo ey, oe aca:

=1.

Ta opao, oyae =, (5.4.3) =e - oe poopoaoc.

pa ee ecoc yaeo o paoe aepe aapaa acoc o aco ye p pax, pecae a pc. 5.4.7.

Aapy pe, oo cea o, o a acoax, a oopx o ypae (3.2.6) oa opaca aya yaeo o, ecoc yaeo o opacae caa, a eoopx cyax ae peae oceyy. Bo e pe, p oo acoe pae poopa a epoeoo ooea eeppyeoe aee oe opaca. Ec cea opay a aee, coaaeoe epoeo co, o o, o a yaax acoax ecoc ayceco o e.

I f, PC. 5.4.7. PA MEHEH HTEHCBHOCT AEMO BOH BPAOE AMEPE PAB ABCMOCTOT ACTOT EH:

1 - = 2 - = - = 5.4.2. CCEOBAHE BH TEXHOOECX OEMOB HA ACTECOE OE cooae e peoaca - o aoee pocx ocyx eoo yee eoc aycecx yaee cooa ep aycecoo o. pe, oo e ao papaaa ooee exooece ycpoca, a oo cooa ye eec exooece oe, coacoa cocee aco oea ooepo, yepo pexepo pocpace c acoo yae.

B cpaeoc oo oo yec a ocaoo poco oe [41]. ypayoo a B c eepaopo 2-0,1 paoa acoa ye ypaya cocae 1 6 . Paccae paep apaeeea, eeo peoacy acoy = 1 6 , o opye = + +, (5.4.1) e - a, pa coa apaeeea, ; - ee ca; =1 copoc ya o, /c.

a, pa coa cooeceo coca 0,7 , 0,7 0,68 . Oyc B apaeee c pacca paepa, opa oe ypayoo a. eeppoae oea ocyecec yp apaeeea cpyec a aaaope cepa C5-3 p oo pooa X-610. p ee oceoaeo , p co apaeeea, ypoe ocpaeoo caa caec cpee a 20 %.

Aaoe cceoa poee aopa pao [42]. oaao, o cep ye ae o aaooo ypa peco peoaope ac o ae coceo aco peoaopa.

yaee a PA paoa aepa, oopy eeppyc oea, ee poyooo opa. Cocee aco aoo oea axoc o opye (3.2.19) = +, e = 1 = 1 = 1 - coa paoe aep, ; - op ypae - = ;

= + ;

- y ecce Heaa opa.

= = 1 =1, epoe aee coceo aco paoe aep opeeec a 1 = +, + e = + - ep ooe ope, p = +.

1 cepeao poep peoacoo pea cpoepoa PA opyoo a c payco paoe aep = , payco poopa = , coo aep = , o aaa caopa = aopo ey poopo caopo = . co poyox aao poope caope =, pa aao = , coa = . Poop c ec oaa po o paee aee ocooo oa c yoo copoc =1 - 1 c-1. Ocoa acoa eeppyex yco eaa aaoe =1 - .

= opee e cocee aco aep a = +, e - op ypae - = 1 1 = + + = = + + =16 coy a ope eoopx pae, coepax y ecce Heaa [43], axo n- ooe ope opeee =.

He cocee aco paoe aep coca p:

=1 2520; 3177 .

poo aaa ap ycaaa apo aaa caopa ep o epa ypoe yca ae. Ha pc. 5.4.8 pecae pa acoc epaoo ypo yca ae o ocoo aco yca ae a acoax, yoeopeo coaax c coce acoa paoe aep aapaa.

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