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poecc pacope NaCl oe xopoo cceoa poo coyec pax exooecx poeccax. Aa pao ooe cea o, o x opa co ac o e acaoo payca aaooo ypa o ae aae caopa. epea ae eaeo e a oe accooa. o oaae, o ocoo a yeee e oea accooa , cooeceo, eca poecca pacope oc aaoe e, a apoyce apaep ooa oc cao opee xo poecca.

a) Rp, /c 6 1 1 1 16 1.) Rp, /c 6 1 1 1 16 1.) 1 Rp, /c 6 1 1 1 16 1 Pc. 4.4.2. pa acoc oea accooa p pacope - NaCl oe o copoc coee aao poopa caopa p =1 : a = 1 - =1 1 - = 1 - = 1 2 - = 1 - =Te e eee, ecoc aa ac o aecx eaecx apaepo ooa oc pepaee aapaa. aecee ee, epeo px pao a pc. 4.4.2 4.4.3, oycoe o aece ypoe eca poecca pacope - aao ea.

Haa co ae 1 1 peo yeaec oeco aaox ypo, yeaec oe aaooo acepa, opacae ooc ep eeapoo oea oc. o poecc ceo xapaepyec eco aa. eee ae aae caopa, oae oeay ep aaooo ypa p ycax cxoa c poco yyo cpy, .e. pocxo pacopa oeao ep eecy. Ta opao, p aaoo opaoe eepoea oc oepaec ooaopoy, cooepeecoy, cpeoy o pee pocpace, oec.

Pace eecx aooepoce poecca cpapoa pacope, a ooo o cpapoa, eoxoo poo c yeo poecca ceppoa epx ac p oae c pao oepxoc poopa caopa.

Ocoa ca poecca pacope ocyecec aae caopa a ce ooaopoo oec a epe ac.

Aop pacea cey opao. Opeeec cepeao caec ye ec payoepec coca pacopeoo eeca. p o eoxoo o ycoe opae o paepa epx ac oce ce ac, ao paep oopx peae py aaa poopa. ae pooc apoca payoepecoo cocaa po pacpeee o paepa, opeec apaep pacpeee. oce oo, cooec c exao, oca poecc papye epx ac p poxoe x epe APT, opeeec oe payoepec coca ceppoax ac, opeec apaep oeo po pacpeee o paepa ac.

y, ocaa oe coca epx ac ocaec ypaee (4.4.8) opeeec y. o ypae (4.4.5) opeeec ea oea accooa. p o cac ec eoepece pee apaep APT o-xece apaep coo a.

Rp, /c 6 1 1 1 16 1.1 Rp, /c 6 1 1 1 16 1.Rp, /c 6 1 1 1 16 1 Pc. 4.4.3. pa acoc oea accooa p pacope NaCl oe o - copoc coee aao poopa caopa p =1 :

a - = 1 - =1 1 - = 1 - = 1 2 - = 1 3 - =oca aee oea accooa ypaee (4.4.9) opeeec acoc. Pea coeco ypae (4.4.8) (4.4.9) oya eecy acoc poecca pacope APT -.

CCO TEPATP ABE1. aapo B. B. Oco accoepea. M.: Bc. ., 1979. 439 c.

2. mepcu . . poecc aapa xeco exoo: e yo.

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5. CEPMEHTAHE CCEOBAH POHAMECX POACTECX ETOB B CAOHHOM AAPATE POTOPHOO TA Teopeece oe poaecx poaycecx poecco, papaoae peyx aax, pey cepeao poep. Cooc cepeaoo cceoa x poecco aaec x aocaoc py a pya. y cooc ac peooe c oo cceoo oxoa e apaepo, cyece opao x a cceye poecc.

5.1. METOA POBEEH CEPMEHTAHX CCEOBAH HEOXOMOCT MEPEH OOO HAOPA POACTECX POHAMECX APAMETPOB P POBEEH CEPMEHTAHX CCEOBAH OTPEOBAA PAPAOT CEAHOO CTATEHOO CTEHA, CXEMA OTOPOO PBEEHA HAPC 5.1.1. CTATEH CTEH BA B CE POMEHH APT 1, MEPH A 2, OBO 3 OTBO 4 TPOPOBO, H AACA 5, H OBOA BO 6 CBA BO 7, ATPO OTOPA PO 8, ATPO AEH BOXA 9, CCTEM OXAEH 10 OOPEBA 11. BA ap PBO BO BPAEHE BATEEM OCTOHHOO TOA 12 TA C-T33 EPE PEMEHH EPEA 13. PACXO MOEHO OCT PEPOBA BEHTM 14 - 20 MEP PACXOOMEPOM 21 MAP B-25. ABEHE BOOCT POTOPA PAOE AMEPE CPOBA OPAOBM MAHOMETPAM 22 23, TEMEPATP OCT TEPMOMETPOM 24 MAP T-M. BOBOE ABEHE BPAOEAMEPE PECTPPOBA P OMO POOHA 25 TTAHATA AP.

CHA C POOHA OABA HA AHAATOP APMOH HX ACTOT 26 MAP C5-3 HA OCOPA 27 MAP C1-69. ACTOT BPAEH POTOPA MEP P OMO TAXOMETPA 28 MAP T-3M.

OTOPAPOBAHE ABTAOHHX OPAOBAH B AHAE CTATOPA POBO EPE CEAHOE OOO. B AECTBE CTOHA MCHOO CBETA COOBA OTOBC 30 C TEHOCT CBETOBOO MCA 2 MC. HACTPO OCA OTOAAPATA 29 OCECTB HABOO O "AEPHOM HO" C OMO PHOBOO AEPA. MOEH OCT B ap OABA EHTPOEHM HACOCOM 31 TA 45/30. HAPEHE C TOA HA BATEE OCTOHHOO TOA MEP BOTMETPOM 32 AMEPMETPOM 33. OTOPA CEPMEHTAHOO CTEHA PBEEH HA PC. 5.1.2.

POOH TTAHATA AP BATIO CTAHOBEH HAPOTB AHAA CTATOPA C BOMOHOCT EPEMEEH BO PAAHO OC AHAA. BOBOE ABEHE OHETC AOH ACA, HEOOE OTOHEHE OT OCEBOO HAPABEH HE BHOCT CECTBEHHOO CAEH B O APTH.

MEPTEHA OOBA POOHA MEET B HPA C AMETPOM 8 MM BCOTO 10 MM. HEHE PAMEP POOHA HE BT HA ACTECOE OE, EC OHMEHE H BOH B OCT [1].

PC. 5.1.2. OTOPA CEPMEHTAHOO CTEHA CTPAHEH CAEH APTH BOBOO O -A HEHAPABEHHOCT -A HEAPMOHHOCT EHEPPEMX BOH BBEEH OEE ECTE OPAHEH - O 1/10 H BOH.

MACMAHA OCHOBHA ACTOTA EH CA B ap A HE OEE 1100 , CEOBATEHO, P COPOCT BA B BOE, PABHO 1500 M/C, HA BOH EPBO APMOH A HE MEHEE 1,M, TO OBETBOPET OPAHEHM HA PAMEP POOHA. P TAX PAMEPAX POOHA EO ACTOTA MEXAHECOO PEOHAHCA ET B AAOHE COTEH , TO TAE HE BET HA ACTOT BOCPHMAEMOO CHAA [2].

TOHEH TOO OOEH POBEEH CEPMEHTAHE CCEOBAH O OPEEEH BH PAMEPOB POOHA HA BEH BOCPHMAEMOO CHAA. HA POOH TTAHATA AP A CTAHOBEHA HAAA C PAMEPAM AMETPOM 18 MM TOHO 3 MM. CHA C POOHA OABA HA AHAATOP APMOH HX ACTOT C5- OPEE AMT OCHOBHO EHEPPEMO BOH (EPBO APMOH). HA PC. 5.1.3 OAAH PA AMT BOH BOCPHMAEMOO CHAA HA POOHE C HAAO (PBA 1) E HAA (PBA 2). AMTHO-ACTOTHE ABCMOCT POOHA C HAAO E HAA PATEC HE MEHTC. HEOOE BEEHE BCTBTEHOCT POOHA C HAAO OCHETC TEM, TO EO ATBHA OA BEAC, TO PBEO BEEH C ACTECOO ABEH. PBA 3 HA PC. 5.1.3. OABAET BEH OTHOCTEHO OPEHOCT ME BEHAM AMT CHAA POOHA C HAAO E HAA.

PA AMT HA PC. 5.1.3 AH B OTHOCTEHX EHAX OAAH POPA, TA A P CPABHTEHOM AHAE HET HEOXOMOCT OEPPOBAT ACOTHM BEHAM.

POME POOHA TTAHATA AP, BMEPEHX APAMETPOB ACTECOO O COOBA AT ACTEC X-610 C AAOHOM MEPEMX CA ABEH - 1 A, ACTOTHM AAOHOM 30 - 10 000 , AAOHOM MEPEMX POBHE BOBOO ABEH 150 - 194 , OCHOBHO OPEHOCT 10,6 %.

POOH TTAHATA AP CTAHABBA B PAOE AMEPE HAPOTB AHAA CTATOPA C BOMOHOCT EPEMEEH BO PAAHO PMO. PEEHE POOHA OCECTBOC B OPCE PAOE AMEP P OMO CAHOBOO A, OTOP POME OTHTEHX H, BOH TAE EMPE H. MEPEHE OOPHAT POOHA B PAOE AMEPE POBO P OMO MEPHOO AATE.

AT X-610 BCTABEH BCTEH OPCA PAOE AMEP AOO CO CTOPOH BHTPEHHE CTEH C OCTOHHO CAE.

AHPOBAH CEPMEHTA OPAOT CEPMEHTAHX AHHX COOBAH METO, PEOEHHE B PAOTAX [5 - 9]. POBEPA BOCPOBOMOCT CEPMEHTA OCECTBAC O PTEP OXPEHA [9] =, (5.1.1) =E DI - CEPC CMEEHHA; I = 1, 2, 3, , N - CO OTOB BCEP.

BEHA GP ATEM CPABHBAAC C TAHM HAEHEM.

TOO, TO EAT OBEH HEOTOPO HECAHO CB ME PEAAE AOO CEPMEHTA CEP CEPMEHTOB, POBOAC PAHOMA. P PAHOMA OPO PEAA OTOB COCTABETC P OMO TA CAHX CE.

POBEEHE CCEOBAH HA POMEHHOM ap C PACXOOM OCT O 6 M3/, OBOO HE PMEHT CEAHX PEMOB MACTAPOBAH P AHAE HTEPPETA CEPMEHTAHX PETATOB. POMEHH ap TA POTOPHOO MCHO-ABTAOHHOO AAPATA (PA) PAPAOTAH HA AEPE TEOP MEXAHMOB, MAH EA MAH TAMOBCOO OCAPCTBEHHOO TEXHECOO HBEPCTETA OTOBEH HA MPHCOM ABOE "POPECC".

PAPAOTAHHA OHCTP XOPOO APEOMEHOBAA CE B POECCE CATA HA PE POMEHHX PEPT.

COPOH EPTE PA-200 OAAH HA PC. 5.1.4.

POME AOBO MOE PA-200, P CEPMEHTOB POBEEH HA BXCTEHATOM POTOPHOM AAPATE AP-1, OHCTP HO "OTEXHOO"; POMEHHOM CEPATOPE P-02 AOPATOPHOM CEPATOPE OHCTP ABTOPA, CXEM OTOPX OAAH HA PC. 5.1.5 - 5.1.7. HE PBEEH OCHOBHE TEXHECE APAMETP AAHHX OHCTP.

A, % 1, % 1 16 6 f 0, % Pc. 5.1.3. pa ayo-acoo acoc pooa c aao (pa 1) e aa (pa 2).

pa 3 ea ooceo opeoc ey p 1 po PC. 5.1.4. PA-TEXHECE APAMETPPA-200:

PAC POTOPA, M 0,................................................................

PAC PAOE AMEP, M 0,.................................................

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