WWW.DISSERS.RU

    !


Pages:     | 1 |   ...   | 12 | 13 || 15 | 16 |   ...   | 31 |

o ece yoapoo ea ecx poooo, oc poae op pe, e p axoa aaox ypo oae oa yapa oa, cococya papye aepao. yye cpy papya oepxoc epoo ea a ce eeco ep oc. Mee ac epoo ea, paep oopx coep c oepe ceee yyx cpy, yeac a ooe a poecc papye epoo ea epx ac, axoxc oc. oee opoo oaoc c eo ceppoa, oc, po ypoa oe ypayoo aa oo paoax [12, 13, 18, 20 - 29].

3.1.2. HAMA ABTAOHHOO PA yca ae, oop eeppyec APT, acaa copoc ce ypa e peae 100 /c. cee pee ypae Xeppa-a (3.1.6), yaeo caeoc oc, Hoa-Heapaca (3.1.5), e yaeo caeoc oc, oac py o pya eee e a 10 %.

paee Hoa-Heapaca aeo cya acaec ceye e:

1 = (3.1.11) + + - + + + - + e P - aee aae caopa, a.

p pao aa, aae caopa APT opayec aao acep (oao) - oe, o ooc a aao ypa. p ycx pacax apex oc, apo aa aa pac, opay aao acep, opa a oopoo opeeec aa cepo paepo aaox apoe, xapaepo paaeoo ape pa yco. Bce apo oca acaoo paepa oopeeo, cpea oe cac oocepco, coepae yp oo ooo paepa [30].

p ax paccox ey ypa oo aaoo acepe, aaoe yp aoecy py c pyo poecce yca. B o cyae ypae (3.1.11) eoxoo ec caaeoe, paaee aee, eeppyeoe coce ypa. ae ypaee (3.1.11) ya aee, eeppyeoe ce aao ypa Pa:

+ + - + + + + - + (3.1.12) + = Paccop oey oac aaox ypo, paoepo pacpeeex pocpace c ocoo ooc [31]. aoe cxoae ypa poo oy ae oc co a o opoe aee Pa ypae (3.1.12). Tooe peee ypae (3.1.12) peye pee oeoo ypae aoo aaooo ypa.

POBEEM HEOTOPE POEH. PMEM, TO BCE P MET OHAOB PAMEP BHEHE COB OHAOB BCEX POB. CEOBATEHO, A POB ABTAOHHOO ACTEPA CXOBAETC B MOMEHT BPEMEH TC AET BOH ABEH PAB1, OHAOB BCEX POB. OEE BTOPHOE ABEHE PAB HAXOTC A CEPO BCEX BOH ABEH, BTX B OECTBE, OPAHEHHOM BPEMEHEM PACPOCTPAHEH BOH. BEM B ABTAOHHOM ACTEPE CEP PACOM R, BA MHOECTBO ABTAOHHX POB. B EHTPE CEP HAXOTC PACCMATPBAEM PE. B PEEAX OPAHEHHOO OEMA BA BCEX POB ET COCTABT - - P =. HTEPP O BCEM OEM, OAEM = - - - = - - (3.1.13) E = - - P = 0 PABHEHE (3.1.13) PHMAET B - = - = - T > TC.

(3.1.14) EC RMIN - MHMAH PAC PA P CXOBAH, M; C COPOCT BA B OCT, M/C; PMAX - ABEHE AA B PE P CXOBAH, A; - OTHOCT POB, M-3. CEHHA OHCTAHTA = 1 - 1. AAATECO COHEHT K = 1,4 (BOX) TA BEHA PABHA B = 0,953, - AMMA-H. T < TC BTOPHOE ABTAOHHOE ABEHE PABHO H.

PABHEHE (3.1.12) HE MEET AHATECOO PEEH, OTOM EO PEEH PMEHOC CEHHOE HTEPPOBAHE O METO PHE-TTA C OCTOHHM AOM. B PETATE CEHHOO HTEPPOBAH OEH ABCMOCT PACA PA COPEH CTEH PA OT BPEMEH (PC. 3.1.1). A BHO PCHA, ABTA OBETC CPA A TOO POET PAPEEH ACTECOO ABEH, EHEPPEMOO APT.

HEOCPECTBEHHO ABTAOHHOE ABEHE, EHEPPEMOE ABTAOHHM PAM, AET MAO HOPMA O ETBHOCT ATE. ETBHOCT APT EM XAPATEPOBAT OTHOCTEHM ABTAOHHM ABEHEM PAB/PM.

OCTPOM ABCMOCT PAB/PM OT PTEP CTPXA SH, XAPATEPEO HEPOEMOCT HECTAOHAPHOO POECCA.

PTEP CTPXA AEM BBE =, E = - CPEH COPOCT OCT B AHAE CTATOPA A EPO, M/C; - O EPEA ABEH ME OOCT POTOPA PAOE AMEPO, A.

Pm, a 1,5 1,13 7,5 3,75 t, c 0 7,5 10-5 1,5 10-4 2,25 10-4 3 10-a) 1 10-7,5 10-5 10-2,5 10-t, c 0 7,5 10-5 1,5 10-4 2,25 10-4 3 10-..

) 2 1,5 1 5 t, c -5 -1 106 0 7,5 10-5 1,5 10-4 2,25 10-4 3 10-) Pc. 3.1.1. pa cex pee ypae:

a - ypaee (2.4.4) yc oyaeo ae;

- ypaee (3.1.12) - acoc payca ypa o pee;

- ypaee (3.1.12) - acoc ycope ce ypa o pee Ha ocoa aaa pao acoce, pecaex a pc. 3.1.2 o, o acoc e cpea xapaep. C yeee aaoo payca apoa aaoo ooc, cpey acoc ooe aaooo ae aye aaeo yca aycecoo ae ceaec copoy aox ae pep Cpyxa. p yee yoo copoc pae poopa APT a oee aycecoe aee, eeppyeoe aao oao, aa oaa oee ee yp. p yee yoo copoc poopa APT oee aaooe aee oc a oee pye yp.

Pa/Pm 1,1,0,0,0,a) 0,20 28 36 44 52 60 Sh Pa/Pm 1,1,0,0,0,) 6 0,20 28 36 44 52 60 Sh Pa/Pm 1,3 1,0,0,0,) 0,20 28 36 44 52 60 Sh Pc. 3.1.2. acoc ooe eeppyeoo aaooo ae ypa aye aaeo yca o ae pep Cpyxa:

a - aa payc ypa R0 = 10-4 ; - aa payc ypa R0 = 5 10-5 ;

- aa payc ypa R0 = 3 10-5 .

1 - epa yca ypa, 2 - opa yca ypa, 3 - pe yca ypa 3.2. ABTOOEATEHE ET P PAOTE CAOHHX AAPATOB POTOPHOO TA APT c o cpeco eca xo-exooecx poecco. O aopo oec a opaaaey cpey cya poaycece e, oycoee yca ae copoc ooa oc. oe eoc pao APT coyc ooee co poaycecx oea. ooee co poaycecx oea oo pae a ae, oope pey aoooo coa ep eepa oea, acce, oope poc oeaeoe ee a ce ep opaaaeo oc.

Texooece cce, ae ce APT, coepa ae exooecoe oopyoae pyopoo, cae ccey e oec. C o pe poayc, o oopyoae pyopoo e co cocee peoace aco oy coepa ooee co poaycecx oea. B APT, a eepaope poaycecx yco, aycece o cooaeoo exooecoo oopyoa cooyoc oppy coy apy e ca oaa opeeeoe e a ecoc poox poecco. o e oe a a ooe, a opae e eo eoxoo ya.

Cxpoa cocex poaycec eo exooecoo oopyoa ooex coo poaycecx oea c oco eepaopo poaycecx yco - APT, ye aopo caac a eca xo-exooecx poecco. Bo cyae oy e eco aooeaee peoace pe pao APT exooeco cce, oaa ep poaycecx yco p ax peax aeo e.

Aooeaeo cceo aa ycpoco, peopayee ee ocooo apae oeaeoe ee. o epo "ee" ceye oa e exaecoe ee, a ee oe cce [32]. Aooeaea ccea coep co ep, aa oeaey ccey. aa - o ycpoco, peypyee ocyee ep oeaey ccey. Bce ee axoc ey coo o aoec. C oo copo aa ypae oeee oeaeo cce, a c pyo copo, ee cce ypae paoo aaa (pc. 3.2.1).

co OEATEHA aa ep CCTEMA Pc. 3.2.1. Cxea aooeaeo cce Moe cceoae axo pae aooeaee e, oae p opaoe oc APT. Ta, paoe [33] cceoao ee cxpoa aco xpeopaoa yca ae ooe opaaaeo oc.

Opaoae xpe oycoeo pe eee copoc , cooeceo, ae p xoe oc aopa ey poopo caopo aa. p o pocxo op opaoo co c oopee opaoae xpe, o opoae yc ae. p cepeax cceoax acoc ay aaox yco o caecoo ae p ocoo pacxoe oc e acy ay yco ae, eeppyex oacpy acae aaox ypo, o ocec paepa opayec aaoo oac [34]. Teopeec aoe oeee aaooo acepa o ocao paoe [35]. oaa oac oeoo ae, yp cxoac e cpay, a pooa ycpoa, cpaca ep yeac paepax cyeao. p opaoe aoocx cece pocxo aca ceapa oc poeae epe aa APT op, ycpy c opeee epoo [36].

o cocoy opaa aea opaaaeo oc, APT oo pae a aapa, ee oa pyoo a oae ee a poope, aapa c ee oae opaaaeo oc. Be oaa oc ooa caoeo peepyapa p oo acoca. e acoc: epoee, xpee, poaoe, ecepeae, epae, eoe pye ocyec oay oc cpeo. cpeoc oa oc acocax oycoea oe co paox eeo. B o cyae acoc ec ooe coo poaycecx oea. p paoe APT c ooe coo poaycecx oea ee eco aoece yx aocax eepaopo oea, o coae aope yco ooe aooeaex e oooc ypa e. B o ccee coo poayceco ep ec yc oo oc. Cyapoe aycecoe oe, coaaeoe p opo oy ooa APT, ec oeaeo cceo, a peyopo aycecoe oe, coaaeoe ep oyopo, po oopoo cyae ooe co oea (acoc). B co oepe, APT cece opao c ypyx oea oc, oecye a ey ay oea oc a xoe acoca (pc. 3.2.2).

Cep aycecoo o ooeoo coa oea ec co, c po pae cpe coca [37]. Hao cpe coca cepa aycecoo o ooeoo coa c oea a oaoo acoe:

= (3.2.1) e - yoa copoc paoeo oeca acoca, c-1; - co oao a paoe oece acoca.

Cyapoe aycecoe oe Aycecoe oe, aae caopa coaaeoe APT APT (oeaea ccea) yc oo oc Aycecoe oe, coaaeoe (co ep) ooe coo (peyop) Pc. 3.2.2. Cxea aooeaeo cce APT oee opoo poecc yoopaoa oaox epoex aeaex aax oca paoe [38]. Ta a co oao a paoe oece ee opeoe eoe aee, o pacoppyeo o aoopao cpee oa oea ae. "" opyca epoeoo ycpoca (xoo apyo), o pacooe apyoy paycy oeca, oepaec cy oeoo ca oao epoecoy cooy oec co copo cpe, eae eoaox aao. Aycece oea, oae peyae aoo aoec, c cpe o coey cepaoy cocay aco x cpex cocax ca c apaepa epoeo aeaeo a coooee = e = coooo oaooo oeca ae oo oapy cpey cocay aycecx oea a acoe [38]. apaep xooo apya aop ey opyco pao oeco acoca a ecoc eeppyex aycecx oea, .e. a yy oy. APT eeppye poaycece oea oc aae caopa c ocoo acoo, pao = (3.2.2) e - yoa copoc poopa, c-1; - co aao poope.

poe ocoo aco aa caopa eeppyec po cep oea c po pae cpe coca, pa ocoo acoe.

yc oo oc ec coo poayceco ep. O cy eepaopo ocee poaycecx oea p eeppoa oea ooeo coe APT. p poxoe oc epe ooe co oea oo oepaec epo oy.

Aycecoe oe, coaaeoe ooe coo oea, ec peyopo p opo oy APT. Ocoa oy ooa oc pocxo APT, oop peaae coa poaycecx oea opaaaeo oc. ooe co oea coae oy ooa oc aeo eee ecy, e APT.

B o e pe, p coae aco poaycecx oea, coaaex ooe coo, ceye oa yee ay yca ae aae caopa paoe aepe APT. Aapa cece opao c, co oepe, oecye a ey ay yca oc a xoe ooeoo coa oea. p coae ocoo aco oea APT ee apo c oaoo acoo ooeoo coa oea aya oea, coaaex ooe coo, oa yec.

Paccop oe, ocay eepa yco ae APT c yeo eeo coa ooex oea. y ee ae aae caopa APT c yeo ecaoapoc pacxoa oc oae acoce oo peca e = (3.2.3) ec y ee poxooo cee aaa caopa coaco ypae (2.3.1) ee + y ee pacxoa oae acoce ac o eoep ocpy aeaex eeo acoca. B aece pepa paccop = + - epoe acoc, a o aoee pacpocpaex o ycpoc aea pacoppo aox oce.

y ee poxooo cee epoeoo acoca oo peca aaoo y ee poxooo cee APT, cxo oo, o epoe acoc oe pecae a APT c o aao caope xo apyo aaa poope, pa oopx oe, e paccoe ey . Paepa cee xooo apya paoeo oeca epoeoo acoca oaaa a pc. 3.2.3.

2 a b a 4 R Q ( ) S ( ) 1,Q ( ) 1,S ( ) 0,0,8 1,0 2,0 2,Pc. 3.2.3. Paepa cee paoeo oeca xooo apya epoeoo acoca pae poey pee pa y p a = 2; b = 0,2; = 0,B o cyae y ee poxooo cee xooo apya epoeoo acoca ee :

= + - < - - < + = < (3.2.4) + + + - < + e = - oa poxooo cee aopa ey xo apyo pao oeco, 2; - ea aopa ey xo apyo pao oeco acoca, ;

- payc yoa copoc paoeo oeca acoca, , c-1; - pa oa paccoe ey coce oaa a paoe oece acoca, ; - pa (aep) xooo apya acoca, ; - coa oa paoeo oeca, ;

= - oa poxooo cee p coee ooc ey oac paoeo oeca xo apyo, 2.

Bee ooae:

= ; = ; = ;

= ; = ; =.

Pages:     | 1 |   ...   | 12 | 13 || 15 | 16 |   ...   | 31 |






2011 www.dissers.ru -

, .
, , , , 1-2 .