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M. A. poo CAOHHE AAPAT POTOPHOO TA TEOP PATA MOCBA ATECTBO "MAHOCTPOEHE" 2001 "ATECTBO MAHOCTPOEHE-1" CAOHHE AAPAT POTOPHOO TA:

TEOP PATA PECOBE ycauoe annapam pomopoo muna uecm mexue u mexoouu ye oee copoa em. Hauoee npueeue mu annapam au xuueco u cex c e mexooux. ocmpymua cxea nycauox annapamo pomopoo muna peao npocma u npecmaem coo cuuo upouaueco cupe u eumepamopa. aaoc , a mao oo cpo u cuy npocmom ocmpyuu mu annapam o m xopoo ucceoa, aooepocmu ux paom uye u opauoa ameamueco ue. Ho ayac npocmoma npuuna paom nycauox annapamo pomopoo muna ecem cee npocmomy exaueco cce u coocm upouaueco u aycmueco onucauu. Bepomee ceo cuy ooopau u coocmu uuecux u xuuecux npoecco, npomeaux uo cpee npu opaome nycauoo annapame pomopoo muna, mopoumc ux upooe epeue npoeocm.

peaaea paoma emc ooeue peymamo ucceoau nycauox annapamo pomopoo muna, omop amop nocmu nmaam em ayo emeocmu. Amop aupoac a yaemax u npuax ucceoaux, npoeex ao anpaeuu M. A. aayu, B. . ae, A. M.

aao, A. . uu, B.. Pyuu u ouu pyuu ucceoameu.

Ocooe aaeue ao paom - mo oaoeue cneuaucmo, paomaux oacmu npoecco u annapamo xuueco mexoouu, c ooocmu ucnooau nycauox annapamo pomopoo muna upoexauecux u menoaccooex npoeccax u ocoau ueepx emoo pacema mux annapamo. Heoxouo omemum, mo nepcnemu anpaeue umecuuauu xuuo-mexoouecux npoecco emc npueeue annapamo c cooepemuecu, ooamop oecmue, omop omocmc nycauoe annapam pomopoo muna.

Amop npuocum aoapocm A. . uuy, M. B. Moacmpcoy u B. M. epoy a coecme ucceoau ao anpaeuu, ocyeue ux peymamo, coem u aeau, amae B. B. Tumoy a noo noomoe amepuaa neamu.

BBEEHE eca xo-exooecx poecco oee eoc exooecoo oopyoa ec oo popex aa pa ay ex. Ocoo oe aeca poy, yee pooeoc ce epoapa a poeee xo-exooecx poecco cy papaoa cooex exooecx aapao c oao yeo epoeoc aepaoeoc, coo cee oec a opaaaee eeca.

B acoee pe epce ayo-exec apaee ec papaoa cooex aapao c ooaop oece a opaaaey cpey a ce cpeoo oa paoy oy acc ep oo ooc.

aapaa, peay eo cpeoo, ooaopoo epeecoo oec a xo-exooece poecc ooc ycaoe aapa poopoo a (APT), p pao oopx ocoa a ecaoapoc ooo eeca, ep yca. eca xo-exooecx poecco APT oycoea ooaop oece a opaaaey y eepoey cpey, aaec ycax ae copoc ooa oc, pao ypyeoc, eco aa, ycax ae oax oeax oc p ycax cxoa aaox ypo, eco yyo oec, cox cox cpeax ycx, aa oc. APT oo oc ox ae ooc poaeco poayceco ep. B paox oeax aapaa a ce ax epao pee oec oapyec aea ooc ooe opaaaeo oc.

APT apeoeoa ce a ocaoo ee ycpoca poee eca poexaecx accooex poecco pax opacx poeoc: xeco poeoc o coyc pooe pax cepc yc, eca accooex poecco; apaeeco oceeco - cpapoa eapcex eec paceoo cp, pooe ax peapao, peo, ae ..; eaypeco opooae poeoc - poee poecco eaa oye paox oce exapoax axx pee; oo-epeeco poeoc - pooe oo-ox yc; aocpoe - pooe caoo-oxaax oce, a ae o ox pyx opacx poeoc, cco oopx oo poo c yaae pepo opeoo paecoo x cooa.

Bece c e APT ocaoo poc ocpy, x ooee e peye cox exoo, o ae e cyaa. Ha epoeoc APT oycoea e, o opaaaea oc ec oopeeo coo oeo poexaecx oea. B APT ocycy poeyoe pacopaop ep, exaeca ep eocpeceo peopayec aycecy aaoy ep, aoap ey ec aapaa ocaoo co. Bcooepeecoe cpeoe oece a opaaaee eeca APT pye x aecee peopaoa, aa oc.

B o e pe, c co cooc ooopae ceo oeca ooaopoo oec a opaaaey oc APT, aya c ae poe: cecopoee cceoae ecx, o-xecx xecx e, ex eco APT p opaoe x eepoex cpe o oece ox ycaox ee, yco ayceco aa, aooeaex peoacx eo, cyeceo x a ecoc exooecx poecco; ayoe oocoae papaoa cooex exooecx aapao c yc oece a opaaaey y eepoey cpey; pooe epee poeoc poexaecx aapao c ooaop yc cooepeec oece; cceoae oecoo oec a opaaaey eepoey oc pax ecx aopo, ecpyx xo-exooece poecc.

Ta opao, eoxoo aeee eopeecoe cepeaoe cceoae ceo oeca eo poecco poeax APT. Peee x aa ocaec peaaeo oopa.

OCHOBHE OOHAEH A - paoa, ;

a - pa aaa, ;

B - oe paecx oep;

b - paccoe ey y a cea cocex aao, ;

C - oepa, /3;

c - copoc ya, /c;

D - aep yyo cpy, ; oe y, 2/c;

d - paep ac, ;

E - ep, ;

F - ya ca poecca;

f - acoa, ;

G - pep oxpea;

J - oo acc eeca, / c;

h - coa aaa, ;

I - ca oa, A;

i - oeco epeeceoo eeca, ; co o;

K - ec aa;

- oe;

L - ea epeee ac, ;

l - a, ;

M - oe, H ;

m - acca;

N - ooc, B;

n - acoa pae poopa, o/c; oeco ypo; oeco pae;

P - aee, a;

Q - pacxo, 3/c;

R - payc, ;

r - paccoe, ;

S - oa, 2;

t, T - pe, c; ca pe, H;

t - eepaypa, ;

U - apee, B;

V - copoc, /c;

W - epaepa copoc;

x - oopaa, ;

y - oopaa, ;

z - co aao;

- oeoe aocoepae, yo;

- oe oeca e, oe accooa, /c; yo;

- oe;

- aop ey poopo caopo, ;

- oe, yea ep, /;

- oe, oaae opo;

- oe ypyeo oc, a c;

- oe;

- oe copoe pe;

- oe aeco oc, a c;

- ooc eeca, /3;

- oepxocoe aee, H/; pee pooc, a; apaoe ooee;

- epaepoe pe, apee, H/2;

- oe;

- yoa copoc, c-1;

- oe ecoo paecoo copoe;

- y aya.

HEC p - poop;

c - caop;

- aepa;

- ae;

o - aa;

- ace ap;

a - aao;

min - a;

max - aca;

mnp - oep o oea;

- epoe;

m - aya;

- apa;

L - oc;

- a;

- acoc;

1 - e.

PTEP = - ooxpooc;

= - Peoca;

= - Cpyxa;

= - poao;

= - pa;

= 1 +1 - ecaoapoc;

= - opoca;

= - Maxa;

= - Beepa;

= - Teopa;

= - Peoca oceo;

= - Peoca oepoa.

COPAEH APT - ycaoe aapa poopoo a;

PA - poop yco-aao aapa;

PA - poopo-ycao aapa;

PAM - poop aapa c oye ooa;

XTA - xo-exooeca aapaypa;

XT - xo-exooec poecc;

XTC - xo-exooeca ccea;

X - o-xec e.

1. OOCHOBAHE ETBHOCT CAOHHX AAPATOB POTOPHOO TA HTEHCA XMO-TEXHOOECX POECCOB 1.1. AHA METOOB HTEHCA XMO-TEXHOOECX POECCOB B acoee pe o epcex eoo eca xoexooecx poecco (XT) oe eoc xo-exooeco aapayp (XTA) pac eo, ocoae a pee pax oxecx eo, coyx ypee ee co ep [1 - 10].

o ecae xo-exooecx poecco poo cce oa oyee poo oceoo ooecoo ea a ce yee pooeoc, , yee epo- aepaoeoc, eoc pyx ca, oe aeca poya, pooecx coax oaaee.

Bce epecee apaep c ee y eca. p eca XT pepa eeapaeoe eee ao-o py aopo, oope oaa e a eee y. Paa a a aa eca:

1) coepecoae cyecyx xo-exooecx cce (XTC);

2) papaoa pao ox XTC [3 - 11].

o XTC oa XT, peaye XTA.

oeceo xapaepc ecoc XT coy paee =, oopoe oaae oeco epeeceoo eeca (ep) - M, () epe ey oa (oea) - S, 2 (3) a ey pee - t, c [9 - 11].

B acoc i o ocox eoepecx pex apaepo XTC, ecx apaepo opaaaeo cpe, opee eoxooc yee yee yaax apaepo yee i [9]. pep i oye a ocoe ex eecx ypae, oope pe cyae e oxaa ceo ooopa cooc e eo- accoepeoca [12 - 14].

ee ao epeoca a = e F - ya ca poecca; k oe copoc exooecoo poecca, oy oocoa oo peooe o eaeoc ooe paccapaeoo poecca o coco epoaecoo paoec aoc paeo oeao epeoca. aaa eex coooe ey ooo epeoca paeo oeaa coy p epoa eopax poecco [15, 16]. pep i aaoe ooy = epoae eopax poecco.

oca eoaccooex, pa poexaecx poecco p eepx peex o opy aopo, a oope eoxoo oecoa yee i, oo cooa poopoaoc M apaepa S, F k. Oo eca eoaccooex poecco pe epeeae, cpeoyc o ep, ceae ece e opaa ooo. eca exaecx poexaecx poecco eoxoo aoe e a ee oex eeo oc, aa epx e [3 - 9, 17, 18].

Meo eca XT (pc. 1.1.1) pae a oece, p oopx XTC paccapa a eoe eoe, eoooe eo, e accpye oee ca XT ee XTA [9]. eoooe eo oo pae a e, eco cae ey coo py: peoexooece aapaypo-ocpye [9]. Be ae eo acce, oope e pey px apa ee ep ae, oope pey apa ee ep [17]. Mey pe ocpy, a acc eoa e poec ey pay. acce eo ae pey apa ep, o ep pacxoyec e o e. cooae ooo XT peoo eoa, a pao copeo c opeee ee XTA c cooae ocpyx eoo. B o cyae oo poec aao ey pe ocpy eoa, ocpy acc eoa. Moe pee ocpye eo ca ey coo, ec eecoopao pe oec oxo pee aa eca XT [3 - 11, 17, 20].

acca eoo XT aa a. 1.1 oaaa a pc. 1.1.1. a eoo eca ocoaec a opeeex o-xecx eax (X). B a. 1.1. yaa oepa aoee coyex X, cco oopx pee e.

1.1. Meo eca Pee ocpye Coeee Coeee aapao: X exooecx poecco: 1, 2, 3, 10, 15, 16, 17, 19, X 5, 8, 9, 12, 14, 20 20, 21, 22, 23, cooae ypex cooae ex coo ep: X coo ep. X 1, 2, 3, 4, 6, 12 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, Oa pex Oa apaepo: X 1, 2, ocpyx 5, 13, 14 apaepo: X 1, 11, Beee ooeoo Beee ceax eeca paoy oy: eeo aapa: X X 5, 7, 9 6, 10, 11, 19, 20, 21, cpeo-yc o ep: X 2, 3,4,Coae ecaoapoce (eepayp, ae, oepa, ooc ..): X 1, 2, 5, 6, Haoee oe (aoo, epecoo, aycecoo, epoaoo): X 2, 6, 15, 16, 17, 18, 20, 21, 22, 23, o-xece e:

1. Typyeoc - ecoe epeeae oc, yca copoc ae oc p ee ee.

2. aa - pap cooc oc o ece pacax ape, pox opaoa ypo, aoex ao apo.

3. yy e - yceoe opeeeo apae ece peoo ee ae (p, cxoae ypo ..).

4. poyap - peya peoo ee ae oc, a oe eee copoc ee ee pyopooe.

5. epc a - epexo eeca ooo apeaoo coco pyoe.

6. e apaa (xpeopaoae) - epoec cp xpe p oea ea ooo aa oc.

7. e Peepa - cee oepxocoo ae oc o ece oepxoco ax eec.

8. e Cope (epeca y) - epeoc eeca a ce eopoooc.

9. e ypa (yoa eopoooc) - epeoc ea a ce y eeca.

10. e oy - Tocoa - eee eepayp aa p poea eo o ece ocooo epeaa ae co pocce - ecoe pece ooy aa (ap, e, opca epeopoa ..) 11. ap e - pooee oc ye aa (ap), oycoeoe e caa ecaa oepxoc apa.

12. Tpoe - peopaoae exaeco ep eoy p ooceo e e a.

13. e paycoa - acoc oea eooa (accooa) o o e oc.

14 e Peoca - yeee eooa (accooa) a ce yee copoc ooa.

15. e P-ea - yeee eopoooc aepao ao oe.

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