WWW.DISSERS.RU

    !


Pages:     | 1 |   ...   | 6 | 7 || 9 |

oepa 1 apya o peyopy ypo co 55 2 O 1 O 1 o 3 poa " 4 O 2 " 5 Bpya o 6 Peeepa c O 1 o Maco peepyapa acoco o aee 5 a o pyopooy epe p opa aa oaec o paecx ooo. p oepa "apya" epoa ycaaae oo 2 epxee ooee. Maco, po eo, xo epxeo oepc paecoo ooa, ocyae ac aaa apy oae ope, oop oo coee c aao, aoap oy cyce peepyapa o pyopooy ocyae poop epy. Maco e epxe ac paecoo pa xo , po oo 2 o pyopooy ocyae peepyap aca (ypa ).

poe oo, aco oo aaa apy ocyae paee aa, opae aa ooa paa apae aa ooa poo oc. Maco paeeoo aaa o pyopooy ece c aco aaa apy epe oo 2 ocyae peepyap aca. o ooa oepa "apya", oo 2 apae aa apy, a oo 2 opae aa po.

Maco ocyae oo 2, oop o oo cpaoa aoap epoay, , po eo, aoe paec p aaa po opae eo.

Oopeeo aco ocyae paee aa, opa aa ooa poo oc apa aa ooa paa. Maco pa aaa ooa poo oc, po opa aa ece c aco aaa po epe oo 2 apaec peepyap aca. oce ooa oepa "poa" paec oo 2 epeaec, paoy cyae oo exaa cpea. o exa paoae cey opao. Maco, po oo B2, ocyae p exaa cpea epe pocce o ope oae o. Maco pa, po oo B2, ocyae peepyap.

aa peeepa paoae aaoo aay po, y x yx aao o pyopoo.

ac aca pa (ypa ) epe peyo aa ocyae a cay oo aa poopa. oo aco caoeo ocyae peepyap.

epeyco aa ycaoe a aea aca a cya eopao pao ooo p. ae aca ccee e peeoo, oa aco epe ocyae coa peepyap.

Pecep epeec cocy, coee c acopooo, cy yep cocyo paa ae ccee.

epooa aoep capye ooee ae ccee.

epoa a o paecx ooo.

2.2.2 epya 2 H-2201 epya 2 H-2201 aoaeca opoaa pya aa epoecoo ec co coe poopo, y aoo ca popaoo ypae coe exaa.

peaaea paee cyce oo co pyx xopoo pyex cpeeepcx cyce.

epya coco (pc. 56) ca, poopa, poa, acoacoco ca, exao cpea ocaa, caaopo ypo apy cyce, ax py.

Poop c ao ycaoe a oax ae, pacooex a yx oopax o oe copo poopa. a exaa cpea ypee a pax, paa oa eea o yp poopa ee o o ce e poopa.

Pc. 56 epya 2 H-2201 Cyce epe apyoe aa ae, pacooee c oex copo epy, ocyae poop, paac c ycaoeo copoc.

o ece epoeo c a aa poxo epe opayc co ocaa ooc epe paee aa. Oyoa ocao poope cpeaec exaa cpea. Cpea ocao oaae yep aec epy.

oepa yp epy eepayp a ypee oepxoc p ca ycaoe eeo oopeae.

yee epea aecx apyo a ecye ocpy a epya ee poopyee ycpoco.

Texeca xapaepca Poop:

ype aep, a, . oe, acaa apya, c copoc pae, o/ aop paee ... pooeoc o epoy ocay, . epoae poa epy:

ooc, B ..copoc pae, o/ .apee, B ... 220/coee apoe oyaeoe epoae poa acoacoco ca:

ooc, B . 2,copoc pae, o/ apee, B . 220/coee .. apoe oyaeoe aape paep epy, :

a pa coa .. Bec, c:

paaxc acc c apyo epy c poo . 27 2.2.3 pep pacea epy H-1201 o pacxo ep epye a H-1201 epoecoo ec caaec ceyx apa ooc:

1 Ha cooee eeco ep cyce, ocyae a paeee (p apye poopa), N1.

2 Ha peooee pex copoe, a pee oax N2 pee poopa ooyx, N3.

3 Ha cpe ocaa (p pye poopa), N4.

cxoe ae:

1 ooc cyce, c = 1413 /3.

2 ooc o a cyce, = 1240 /3.

3 ooc epo a cyce, = 1700 /3.

4 ooc oyaeoo ocaa, oc = 1640 /3.

Hapy aep poopa D = 1200 , a poopa L = 600 , acca poopa mp = , aep a aa epy d = 160 , co oopoo poopa n = 1100 o/. a peye po oa cea ocaa l = 500 . Bype payc oeoo co cyce poope r0 = 470 .

Opeee oey o o a:

cyce - 1 -14 = = = ;

- 1 -1 ocae - 1 -1 = = = 1.

- 1 -1 Haxo aee K K = (A B) = (0,587 0,13) 1240 = 467.

Ooee paoeo oea ooy oey apaaa cocae = 1- = 1- =.

Pao oe poopa = - = 14 - 4 = 3;

aop paee = = = ;

14 = = =11 pa/c.

Mooc N1, apaaea a cooee eeco ep cyce, opeeec o opye = [ 1- + ] = 1 = [ 1- 1 1 4 + 4 ] = e oe aoe paoeo oea poopa ocao; pooeoc a epy.

Pacxo ooc a pee oax N 11 11 4 1 = = =1 B, e P aeca apya a o, aca o eca apyeoo poopa c, oax cece eo eypaoeeoc (eaaca), H; d aep a aa, (d = 0,16); f oe pe ( oo coe f = 0,01).

aeca apya a o opeeec acoc o caeco apy mg aopa paee P = mg (1 + 0,002 Fr) = 46819,81 (1 + 0,002808) = 119 340 H.

e m acca apyeoo poopa, ; g ycopee c ec, /c2.

Pacxo ooc a pee poopa ooyx N- =14 1 + 4 = - 4 =14 1 11 4 + = Pacxo ooc a cpe ocaa N - 1 - = = =1 4 1 1 1 Haxo pacxo ooc pax epoo epypoa:

p apye poopa Na = N1 + N2 + N3 = 18,9 + 10,7 + 2,35 = 31,95 B;

p oe a No = N2 + N3 = 10,7 + 2,35 = 13,05 B;

p cpee ocaa N = N2 + N3 + N4 = 10,7 + 2,35 + 12,15 = 25,20 B.

Mooc epoae 1 1 1 1 = = = B, e opeeo epea 0,95.

Bpae epoae poa poopa AO-32-4:

N = 40 B; n = 1470 o/; ec = 495 .

epya caea cae ypae C-218 yo.

Pace poa epy co oopoo poopa epy n1 = 1100 o/. co oopoo aa epoae n = 1470 o/.

epeaooe ooee opeeo epea = =1.

aep, a epoeo y 1 = 290 .

aep a aa epy 2 = 1 i (100 ), e coee pe 0,02.

2 = 290 : 1,335 0,98 = 380 .

Haeee oycoe eepooe paccoe lmin = 0,55 (D + D) + h, e h coa pe; D D pacee aep ooo aoo o.

lmin = 0,55 (380 + 290) + 13,5 = 382 .

Haoee eepooe paccoe lmax = 2 (D + D) = 2 (380 + 290) = 1340 .

Opepooo pae l = 1000 .

p pao eepoo pacco pacea a pe:

= + + + + = = 14 = + = = = 1 +1 + = pae caapy y L = 3150 .

Ooaeoe eepooe paccoe = [ - + - - ] = [ 1 -1 + + 1 -1 - ] =1 Mooc, epeaaea o pee cee B, N0 = 8,0 B.

co pee =, e N epeaaea ooc, 31,95 ; k1 oe, ac o ya oxaa; k2 oe, ya xapaep a- py.

o oxaa a - - =1 - =1 - =1 1 p ye = 174,8, k1 = 0,99, k2 = 0, = = 1.

pae co pee z = 7 .

2.3 EHTP HEPEPBHOO ECTB, OCATEHE, OPOHTAHE, HEOBE TA O epy a O (HO) [31] epepo-ecye, ocaee, opoae co eoo pyo ocaa a.

peaae paee cyce c oeo oepae epo a o o 50 % pyoc ac o 5 500 , a ae acca ao o pyoc epx ac.

Oe ocoeoc epy oo a c:

coa pooeoc p ax aapax epepoc exooecoo poecca;

ocyce pyeo eea, oop oepac ocy aa, o oeceae aey paoy, oyee poyo ocooo aeca;

opaoa oe ox cyce cao paoopao oepa. oycac aee ee oepa o pe pao;

epepoc cyaa e apa ep pee a epoece yc ocao;

pocoa ocya aeoc paoe;

opaoa cyce c epacopo epo ao.

epy a O (HO) pec opao acecooo ooa, pocoo ao, pcao yxooo ca, aoa, yepaoo , ooo ca, ocoeoo aca, oe, oeoo co, cyaa ap, poacoo ap, aoa, ocoo yeco e, ea, oaa (yecoo a), paxaa, oxopa (oxopoo co), co, ocpoa payax, caeo y, opeo caa, cepocoo opcocoo a, yoc aa, a acx oocoepax coee pox aepao.

O ocpy pa epy a O (pc. 57) opoaoe pacooee oc oecoo po-oecoo poopa 8 c cooco pacooe yp eo eo 7.

Poop 8 e 7 paac oo apae, o c pao copoc, cece eo e pacoppye opaoac ocao o poopa pyo oa 2.

Poop epy 8 pacooe a yx oopax 5, 10 poc o paee o epoae epe opeey epeay. e oyae paee o poopa epy epe cea peyop 11.

Poop ap oyxo 3 c epeopoa, pae aep ocaa 9 yaa 6.

aoe ycpoco 1 p epepye oae epyy oopeeo ae ceoo yoo ca.

B eoopx cyax epy caa pyo oa pox oce.

Ho poa ocaa poope aoea, y oepa oo poo ye peya ocaa, pyaeoo epy.

Cyce oaec o ae pye 4 o ype ooc ea 7 oya epe oa ocyae poop 8. o ece epoeo c pocxo paeee cyce, a ceax poopa ocaac ac epo a. Ocao pacoppyec eo 7 pyo oa 2, pacooe yo ac poopa. Oceea oc ee pooooy copoy, c oa, epeaec epe co opo pacaec poopa. aep coo opoa oo peypoa ce acoa oopo aa. eee copoc pae poopa ocaec ceo o.

Texooec pe epyax a O peypyec ye ee copoc oa cyce, copoc pae poopa, aepa coo opoa ooe ae py.

Cee ocee yaa oe oea yeee aepa coo pa (yeee o ocae) yeee copoc pae poopa;

cee pocy ocaa yeee aepa coo pa (yeee o cy) yeee pae poopa.

2.3.1 epya O-epya O-325 opoo eepepoaoo coe.

ea epy, copacaec c opaaae poyo, acoc o eo oppoox coc ooe yepoco ca (O-325-), coocoo ca ap 08X17H13MT (O-325-) 08X18H10T (O-325-H).

Texeca xapaepca Poop:

aca ype aep, . paoa a, .. acaa copoc pae, o/ aca aop paee oocea copoc pae ea, o/ 23,Macaa pacea pooeoc:

o ocay, / .. o cyce, 3/ 6,aep coo pa, :

aca ... a epoae poa:

.. A02-42-ooc, B ..7,copoc pae, o/ coee .. aeoe ec, aape paep epy c epoaee, :

a . pa .. coa Bec, :

epy e epoae .. ycao ae pacea yaea:

ec paaxc ace c apyo, pace cepce paaxc acc, .. 0,2.3.2 pep pacea epy O-B epyax co eoo pyo ocaa cece coe oc ooceo ceo apaaa (o oce copoc pae apaaa), opaoa xpex ooo, apyx ocaee ex ac, a ae cece epeeaeo ec ea ec pyx aopo pooeoc epy ee eopeeco, ooy aecy pooeoc epy opee o opye (33) =, e oaae eoc pao epy, pa ooe aeco eopeeco pooeoc epy.

oaae eoc pao epy opeeec o ooeo opye = e = pep pya o epoex c; = pep Peoca oc apaae; cec Apxea.

ocox epy co eoo pyo A = 9,52; x = 0,16; y = 0,151;

z = 0,286.

Haxo oaae eoc pao epy no opye - 1 =.

p e p. paee 140 / cyce pa epya a O-600.

Hao aep oecoo apaaa epy D = 600 , a apaaa L = 1000 , co oopoo apaaa n = 1400 o/.

Opee peyeoe oeco epy a O-600 oecee aao pooeoc, ec paeea cyce ee ceyy xapaepcy:

ooc epo a, = 2300 /3;

ooc o a, = 1000 /3;

oc o a, = 9,7110-4 c/2;

copoc ocae ac, o = 0,7 /.

P e e e: Payc r0 cooo oepxoc co oc epye pae 240 . Opeee ec pooeoc epy o opye ocox epy c oec apaao 14 4 14 = = = 4 2.

Haxo oaae eoc pao epy - 1 = 14 4 14 4 11 - - 1 1 = 4 1 1 = 14 = =Opeee pooeoc = = oya = 4 = 3/c = 74,2 3/.

Heoxooe oeco epy cocae = =1.

caaae e epy a O-600.

CCO TEPATP 1 Cpo B.. Pace oaoo pea pao aoaecx po pyx po epoecoo ec // X. aocpoee. 2. 1961.

2 Cpeo B. B. Opeeee paoao pooeoc po // X.

poeoc. 5. 1955.

3 yo B. A. poae. M.: X, 1971.

4 aopo 3. . Ma xeco poeoc. M.: Ma, 1957.

Pages:     | 1 |   ...   | 6 | 7 || 9 |






2011 www.dissers.ru -

, .
, , , , 1-2 .