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Taa Bea Oo Pae acao coa co a poc / ea opeee ype apyee eo oo 1 Copoc n o/ 750 750 Opeeec pae a ocoa poopa exooeco o pacea execoo aa 2 Bype Rc c 60 67,5 " payc c 3 a c lc c 42 34 " 4 Toa hoc c 7,5 7,5 " co ocaa 5 Oe c/c 1,3 1,3 " oc ec ocaa 6 o foc 0,5 0,5 Opeeec e cepea pe o ocaa o cy 7 Bcoa f c 1,75 1,75 paec ca o OCT a ca 8 Bec 1 c2 qc c/c 0,003 0,003 " ca 9 a t c 8,0 8,0 " ce ca 10 o k 0,3 0,3 paec e o cpaoo pe epaype ca o oeae 11 oco a c 1 1 paec ca ocpyo 12 co i1 16 16 " ype x coe o opyoc pooee a. Bea Oo Pae acao coa co a poc / ea opeee ype apyee eo oo 13 co i2 16 16 " oce x coe o opyoc 14 co i 16 16 " oo epo oe 15 pa b c 2 2,5 Opeeec ype ocpyo eo oa 16 aep d c 1,2 1,2 " oepc o o 1- oe 17 Cpe R2 c 61,6 71,6 " payc oce x coe 18 Payc r c 3 3 " cpye ype x coe 19 Payc r2 c 1,5 1,5 " cpye oce x coe 20 a l2 c 21,5 " oce x coe 21 Toa S2 c 5,2 " oce x coe pooee a. Bea Oo Pae acao coa co a poc / ea opeee ype apyee eo oo 22 o c 0,196 0,196 Hape ey opeec ceee, ece, e oopo axoc opee oepce o c o, ec ape oepc e, , o ece ceee, coee paooc co o o oa cocex coe 23 o 0,196 0,196 " ey ceee, oopo opee c ape , ceee paooc o o cocex oo 24 e c/c 0,0078 0,0078 ca ec 3 5 = 0,aepaa c/cpoopa 25 cope g c/c2 981 e o ec Taa OoaOoaaea ea / ee 1 Gc Bec ca paccaeoo acaa, c 2 Goc Bec ocaa a paccaeo acae, c 3 T ce aa ocaa c acaa, c 4 Fr aop paee a payce c Haoe ape coax 5 oea, c/c2 (pa ece c cooecye oepy co) Hape oax oea, c/c2.

epoe aee cooecye ape oe cope coe c oo (p c = 1 c = 2) cepee poea ey coa (c = 0) Pace aa epy Cxea apyo a a epy peea a pc. 52. B pacee yeo eee oea ep cee o e aa. Ca P1 pecae coo cyy eca poopa epoeo c = + + e G ec paaxc ace poopa; = n co oopoo poopa yy; g = c/c2 ycopee c ec; y po aa oe poe c P1 epao ococ; e cepce epa ec paaec acc.

e = e1 + e2 + e3, e e1 paa aa aop cepecoo poooa; e2 cepce, a eooc aacpo; e3 cepce, a oo poo ocaa poope (aap cya).

Ca P2, poea a ocoo oe aa, coco eca a epao cocae ae pee.

opeee poa aa cyeao op ocoyec ypaee =, e M a oe cee, oopoo opeeec po.

opeee oo oea eoxoo ae po apyy, ceo pay aey oey o ex c.

Moe ep cee Imax ooo yaco paec a pace.

ae oe o ex c, ecye a pyx yacax, poc paceoy yoee a ey, e Ii oe ep cee 1-o yaca (pc. 53, a).

e apy e cocpeooex c, poex epe ec p oea aoo yaca, axoc a oa p oea o ex c (pc. 53, ). a pea paa - + - - + - + - + + - + - + - + - + + + + + + + 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 =.

co oe M = - + + + + + + + + + + + + 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 Ec pa co oe epe e P1, P2, a, b, c, d, f, l, m, I, Ia, Ib, Ic, Id, If, Il, Im, oy Pa) PPc Pa Pa ) Pc Pf PfR Pb P0 R P2P2' Pm P0 P0 Pb xa xm xa xa xb xc xd xf xPc. 53 p x oeo (a) x c (), ecyx a a + = + - - + 1 1 1 + 4 - + - 1 + - + 1 + - 4 - - - + - + 1 4 - + - - + - 1 + 1 + - 4 - - - - + - + 1 - - - - - - - - 1 1 1 - - - - - - 1 1 1 Ec peepe ea, oee pao, pae e, coepae P1 P2, oy = - e - - - - - = + + + + + - - - - = + + + - - - - - - + + + - - - - - - + + - = Coaco eop oea peca acoa opeeec o opye =, e g = 981 c/c2 ycopee c ec; yc po aa p ocyc pae.

ae ape cee aoo yaca aa = < = c/c2.

Hae apy a o.

Pea RB RB ae yco:

= = Toa ee:

+ + = = + - Pace acoaopo ca oa copoc pae aa =.

ce aa ocaa + = +.

aee aca =.

pooeoc acoca =.

Pace poa poopa Mooc, apaaea a paee poopa epy, pacxoyec:

a) a pacpyae ocaa = e Qc ceya pooeoc epy;

= ) a peooee pe oax = 4 1 + ;

) a peooee c pe o oyx (eo e) = [ - 4 + + 4 ].

. . . opeeo epea paec pa = 0,97.

Mooc ae + + = o eoe pacea aa poo cocaea popaa cea a BM. Peya aoo cea pee e:

Peya pacea aa poa a BM:

T = +4621996 + 05;

p = + 1399759 + 03;

P = +1872906 + 02;

np = + 1336669 + 04;

Q = +9195253 + 03;

N= +4866342 + 02;

y = + 9597058 01;

= +4723099 + 03;

P = + 8614863 + 04;

c = +4944352 + 03;

RA = + 9379988 + 04;

d = +8690486 + 01;

RB = + 9037875 + 04;

f = +3161686 + 02;

l = +2832473 + 03.

Ooae peyao cea pee a. 13.

Taa Ooaee Ooaea ea / 1 T ce aa ocaa, c 2 PM aee aca, c/c3 Q pooeoc acoca, / 4 aec po aa, c 5 P Heypaoeeoc aa, c 6 RA, RB Pea oo, c peca copoc pae poopa, p, np pa/c, o/ 8 N Mooc ae poe poopa, B ae ape ae o yaca, c/cpoep ape ax, coex oeay apyoo acaa, a cpe oeay.

aep e 30 , x oeco 40 ., aep opyoc 1375 .

oa cee = = = c2.

4 Moe ep cee poopa o a 4 = = = = = 667 500 c4.

Moe copoe oo cee y = = = c3.

a oe cee = =1 1 = 1 c.

Pacae ape ax c yeo yc aa ocaa 1 4 = + = + = = 305 /c2 < = 900 /c2.

2.1.13 cyaa epy ayc epy ocyecec cae ypae. Cxea ypae peycapae opoy pooo epoae c epoaee acoca paeco cce. a opoa oeceae opeeey oepeoc yca ocao epoaee acoca aco cce oae poa epy.

epoae poa epy oe e oo oce yca epoae acoca aco cce oae.

Ocaoa epoae acoca aco cce oae ooa oo oce ocao epoae poa epy.

oce yca ycaoe peyeoo pea pao epy eoxoo poec peypoy ca oa eca po.

eaeo a aoee co yca, a a o oo ac pooeoc epy. p opax ycox cyaa, aoap paoepoy pacpeee ocaa o xoo opoe, co ocaa a cax oc paoepo. Haa epe copooe oo epe epy a pacpeeee ocaa a cax, oo peypoae oa cyce oc oooo acaoo ocye ee p opao paoe a.

p paoe epy ocoo aoe aee ee oepae ocoo oao oepa epo a cyce, ocyae epyy.

eee oepa oe pec poo aa pyopooo.

a oaa o cyaa, cyce epe epypoae oa cyea o ecooo ooe epo o ae T : o 1 : 0,8 o 1 : 1,5 (ye T :

= 1 : 1).

B cyae eoooc oye oaoo cye o a-o pa, eoe cooae epy coeo (aae pooeoc, yeaec aoc xoeo poya, yeaec yoc epo a c o, aac poo, aac pyopoo p.).

ooe aee pao epy ee pyoc pcao. e oa pyoc pcao, e ee yoc x epe e c e e exooece oaae epy.

B cyae pepae yca oae p paoe epy, eeeo epoae poa epy pepa oay cyce poop.

epoae acoca e a o ocao epy. oce oca c x ae o. aeco cop c opeeec cpee eo p e, oopa oa peeax 0,3 .

Bo pe pao epy ceye ec aee a oeco aca, axoc ae. oee ypo aca e yaaoo a e cee ypo ae acacae oyxa aco, a, ceoaeo, ceae eo apyae opay paoy acoo pa. Ceye e y, o aco oo aac cay oe o o pax e. oce 3 4 ece aao pao epy aco oo yaeo ee aeeo o. B aee aco oo ec epe ae 6 8 ece. Oao ceye a, o oxa paoa epy peepee xo cpo oe -a apeoo aca, ooy aea aca oe pooc paee yaax cpoo.

oce ocao a eoe pe aco a cycaec. Baa aeo oaec.

Cee ae ecpox pee epoec eoxoo poep. Oao eoxoo o, o co coe aee ae eeaeo, o po peepeeoy ocy pee.

o poopa acoo acoca, a ae ap axoc e apyoo ae, o ocoa caa pao aco apapye x xopoy paoy.

pao pao pao oo ec pe o oea e epoae o oo ocao poopa.

Bo pe pao epy eoxoo ec ae:

a) a aee aca poccee;

) a paoepo oae cyce poop;

) a eepaypo aca;

) a ycae oae;

) a yea aca epe opey yy;

e) a ypoe aca aco ae.

B poecce cyaa epy oy cpec pae ecpaoc paoe (a. 14).

Taa Hecpao p Mep x ycpae c Ocaoc oae:

a) p 1 Ta ac pepa oay peyeo poopa aa cyce aeo pao ocao po y ac ae poopa poo oc 2 opac ae o, epe o a oe yco ae po aeo y ac poopa 3 ae ope Paopa ac cece p ycpa oaa p ee, aco ae aco ) aee Paopa acoc a ycpa eoa aoepe ae acoc ocycye ) a Hacpoa Opeypoa aa, aoepe peoxpaeo e pea oycoo aee o aaa paoeo ae e pocce peyeoo 2 1 Heooe oa oa cea pae opeo y e aca pooo y pooy yy opeo ye 2 occ cpa oc copaee oepxoce oepxoc ae yy pooo y oo oa acoo pa 3 occ ae peoe peoe oa oa ae o o pao yp poopa o pe xoa a, eycoo, ocpeac.

p ocaoe epy eoxoo cpoo pepac eceyeo opa:

a) epep oay cyce poop;

) epoae poa epy;

) oce ocao epy epoae acoca;

) oc poop o ocaeoc ocaa; oc ae ay ocao a oyxe;

) oce oc poopa o poec ayc epy;

e) po poop;

) oce po poopa poec ocaoy epy;

) pepa oay o ac xoo.

2.2 EHTP EPOECOO ECTB, ABTOMATECE OPOHTAHE CHOEBM CEMOM OCAA TA H O ocpy pao epy oo a ec opoaoe pacooee poopa, caeoo oe exao cpea ocaa.

paee oepa a epypoa - aoaecoe.

pye epy H peaae paee cyce co cpee- eoepco (paep epe 20 160 ) peyeceo pacopo epo ao. B epyax ocaec coa cee oeoa po ocaa.

cy poyo, opaaaex a epyax a H, oocc: cya ap, apae, oe, oo cp, ee ee yopoc, coa, opa coa, oapea co, paxa p.

B epyax a H ocao p cpee oo eaec.

ec cex paox opao opae apae aeo aaa, aao po peeepa c, epeeee oa, a ae epeee paeeoo aaa ocyecc aoaec c oo paecx po.

Ocoo pao opa epy H epoppoa poop ocoo pacooe a opoao ay, paaec oax ae. Ha ypee oepxoc poopa apeea pya epeopoa. Ha oopoo pe ca epy ycaoe exa cpea ocaa, papyo yep, aa pya, pya po peeepa, caaop ypo co ocaa epeae xoa oa.

B opyce epy eec eo oy ocya apyo oepxoc poopa p ocope.

epya caea aaa: apyo, po, peeepa c paee ( paa poo oc).

apyo aa ycaaaec eocpeceo o eoc c eao cyce. po poopa epy ocyecec o epoae epe epoey yy opeey epeay.

Cyce oaec epyy epe peypye apyo aa ay pyy.

pa, poa oc oc peeepa ca ooc paeo epe paee aa.

Toa ocaa poope opeeec peyopo ypo co. oce aoe oa ocao poaec (ec o peyec), coa oaec, ae cpeaec yc oo epe yep pyaec epy.

2.2.1 paa paeca cxea epy H-633H (pc. 54, 55) ece cex paox opao opae apae aeo aaa, aao po peeepa c, epeeee oa, a ae epeee paeeoo aaa ocyecec aoaec c oo paecx po.

Ca ypae epyo oeceae peypoae pooeoc oepa a epypoa o aao popae ceyx peeax:

Haeoae pooeoc oepa, .

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