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Paccapa coy ypeeo eea oo oy ceyee aee ape coe + = Pea coeco ypae ooceo S, oy + + =, (64) e Q, L, N ooe, yae ce aae ocpye exooece apaep oea.

oce pacea ypeeo eea o ypae (64), paccac epoe oo o ypae (60), (61), (62) ocee co o ypae (63).

Ha ocoa peeoo aaa, oepeoo cepea a, papaoaa eoa pacea apacx oeae.

2.1.6.1 METOA PACETA APACHOO POTOPA EHTP 1 ee apacoo poopa epy (c. pc 43) paccac a oece epox apyo o cocex acc, acc epypyeoo poya c, a ae ocex yc o aa ocaa poopa.

p pacee opeec eoepece paep eeo poopa p co popaoe ooo opaepa poopa ape eeax poopa p ecx eoepecx paepax.

2 opo pacea eoepecx paepo eeo poopa.

2.1 Opeec cxoe ae, epecee a. 6.

2.2 Opeec cooaee ae o a. 7 8.

2.3 Opeec eoepece paep eeo poopa o a. 9.

3 opo poepooo pacea eeo poopa.

3.1 Opeec ape eeax poopa o a. 10.

Taa coa Oo Paep co / ea a oc opeee e C 1 Copoc n o Opeeec a pae poopa ocoa exooecoo pacea execoo aa 2 Bype RC c " payc ca 3 a ca lc c " 4 Toa co hoc c " ocaa 5 Oe ec c M oc ocaa poope c3 H " 6 oe foc Opeeec pe ocaa o cepeao cy 7 Bcoa ca f c paec o OCT a ca 8 Bec 1 c2 ca qc c M c2 H " 9 a ce ca t c " 10 oe K paec o pe ca o cpaoo oeae epaype 11 oco ca a c paec ocpyo 12 co i1 ypex " coe o opyoc 13 co i2 ocex coe " o opyoc pooee a. Paep oc Oo coa co a / ea opeee e C 14 co oo i " epo oe ca ccea exe ca ccea exe 15 pa b c paec ypeeo ocpyo oa 16 aep d c oepc o paec o epo ocpyo oe 17 Cpe payc R2 c " ocex coe 18 Payc r c cpye " ypex coe 19 Payc R2 c cpye " ocex coe 20 a l2 c " ocex coe 21 Toa S2 c ocee " co 22 o ey c ceee, Oo ape oopo opeec ece, opeeec e axoc apee, oepce o o, ceee, ec oepc e, o paooco ece coee o cocex co oa coe 23 o ey ceee, oopo opeeec apee, " ceee, paooco o cocex oo 24 e ec c M ca aepaa c3 H = 0,00785 c/cpoopa 25 copee o g c ec c2 c2 g = 981 c/cTaa Pacpeeea oeco o opyoc oa ao ca, peae apya q, X c/c (MH/) = = + = 4 - = 2 = - = 1 = 11 3 = - 1 = = 4 = - = 14 2.1.7 epya 1/2 -1201T epya 1/2 -1201T (pc. 47) pya aa epepoo ec, yxacaa, opoaa c ycpye pyo ocaa.

ea, copacaec c opaaae poyo, acoc o eo oppoox coc ooe aox cao.

Texeca xapaepca Poop:

a, copoc pae, o/ ... aep oea 1-o acaa, . pa e aox c, .. 0,3 0,aop paee, ao .. Toae:

aee aco ccee, acaoe, a . co ox xoo yy, acaoe .. ea xoa, .. Hacoc:

pooeoc, / .. copoc pae, o/ .. epoae poa epy:

ooc, B copoc pae, o/ ... epeaa poa opeea, epe paecy yy epoae poa acoca:

ooc, B copoc pae, o/ .. epeaa poa .. ypya ya pooeoc o cyxoy ocay oapeo co (poea), / 13 Bec epy, 2.1.8 epya 1/4 -650 epya 1/4 -650 (pc. 48) pya aa epepoo ec, epexacaa c ycpye pyo ocaa.

B oe o oo epy oa ee epexaca poop. B epye ece py ocaa poopa ycaoe paac oyc co cpeo c aaeo ocaa. B epye peycopea poapa apo ae, a ae pae oo paa poo oc.

epya aa pooe peee a paax poocax.

Texeca xapaepca Poop:

a, .. copoc pae, o/ .aep oea 1-o acaa, pa e aox c, 0,4 0,aop paee, ao Toae:

aee aco ccee, a .. o co ox xoo yy o ea xoa, . Hacoc:

pooeoc, / .. copoc pae, o/ .. epoae poa epy:

ooc, . copoc pae, o/ .. epeaa poa . opeea, epe epoey yy epoae poa acoca:

ooc, B copoc pae, o/ .. epeaa poa .. ypya ya pooeoc epy o caxapy, / .. Bec epy, 2.1.9 epya 1/6 -1251 epya 1/6 -1251 (pc. 49) pya aa epepoo ec, ecacaa c ycpye ae ocaa. B oe o oo epy oa ee ecaca poop, caea cea apyo ycpoco. B epye a xoa oae paa e acao, o ooe poo opaoy oxo pyaex poyo. Maepa eae, copacaxc c opaaae poyo, ca X18H10T. epya peaaea oeoa peoo po p opaoe peeepaa pe.

Texeca xapaepca Poop:

a, copoc pae, o/ .. aep oea 1-o acaa, . pa e aox c, .. 0,3 0,aop paee, ao .. Toae:

aee aco ccee, a . 8 co ox xoo yy . ea xoa, .. Hacoc:

pooeoc, / copoc pae, o/ 2.1.10 epya 2/2 -1201 epya 2/2 -1201-1 (pc. 50) pya aa epepoo ec c yxcopo yxaca poopo, c ycpye pyo ocaa. B oe o oo epy oa ee yxcopo poop, a ceoaeo, c yx copo eec apya cyce pya oyoaoo poya. Poop epy pacooe ey oopa. aoap aeo e poopa a epye ocaec coa pooeoc p xopoe aece xoeo poya. epya oaaec oppooo-coo ca X18H10T peaaea pao a oooax poocax epepao ax yope pyx poyo.

Texeca xapaepca Poop:

aep ypeeo acaa, . a oo copo poopa, .. copoc pae, o/ 600 pa e aox c, 0,25 0,aop paee, ao Toae:

aee aco ccee, a o co ox xoo yy ea xoa, . Hacoc:

pooeoc, / .. copoc pae, o/ .. epoae poa epy:

ooc, B copoc pae, o/ .. epeaa poa opeea epe paecy yy epoae poa acoca:

ooc, B ... copoc pae, o/ .. epeaa poa .. ypya ya pooeoc o cyxoy pyopcaecoy ocay, / ... 25 000 45 Bec epy, 28 2.1.11 pep pacea epy 1/2 -1201T pae aoc ocaa NaCl 2 3 %.

Bpe pea ocaa poope e eee 45 c, a c poo e eee 90 c.

Macca ocaa poope = + =1 + = 4 .

Macca ocaa a epo acae = = 14 4 1 =1 , e Rc = 60 c payc c; loc = 40 c a ocaa epoo acaa; hoc = 7 c oa co ocaa; oc = 0,0015 /c3 ooc ocaa poope.

Macca ocaa a opo acae = = 14 1 = .

pooeoc epy o NaCl e po = = = 19 500 /.

pooeoc epy o NaCl c poo = = = 9750 /.

Opeeee ca oa (ox xoo) epy p opaoe NaCl:

+ 4 + = = = 1 (e po);

1 4 + = =11(c poo).

e K1 = 0,65 oe xoa NaCl; s = 7 c xo op; t1 = 0,75 pe pea ocaa poope e po; t11 = 1,5 pe pea ocaa c poo.

Opeeee yc aa ocaa.

Opeeee yc aa ocaa NaCl c epoo acaa = =1 = 1 MH (17 750 ), e yoa copoc poopa, pa/c 78,6 (750 o/); = 0,3 oe pe ocaa o ca; = aop paee.

aep poopa, 1200 (1300).

Opeeee yc aa ocaa NaCl co opoo acaa = =1 4 = 1 MH (1300 ), e = 4 aop paee.

oa op p po xoe 14 = = =1 c2, 4 e d = 40 c.

oa op p opao xoe = - = 4 -1 =1 c2, 4 e d = 15 c aep oa.

aee aa ocaa c epoo acaa = = =1 MH/2 (16,5 /c2).

aee aa ocaa co opoo acaa;

= = =1 MH/2 (10,5 /c2).

pae paoee aee poccee Ppa = 18 /c2.

ce, paaeoe popo ce poo xoa - 14 4 -1 = = = MH (22 000 ).

4 Pace aa epy Ba epy pecae coo ay a yx oopax pc. 51. ao a Popeeec cey opao P1 RA PB RB Pk a b l Pc. 51 Cxea apyo a a o = + =1 c;

+ + + = + + + 4 +11 1 1 4 +11 +1 + + - = + + 1 1 1 + 4 +11 -1 1 = 1 4 MH (1594 ), e Mp = 945 acca oea, a aeo oyca; Moc = 110 acca ocaa a acae; Rp = 62,5 c payc poo; ea = 0,005 c cepce epa ec oea, a aeo oyca cece opeoc aacpo; e = 0,011 c cepce epa ec cece aopa oax; Mp = 1,1 acca poo, oaeo p apye pea a (pae 1 % o acc ocaa a acae); a = 63,75 c; b =25,0 c; l = 97,0 c; k = 21,25 c; P2 = 0,01127 MH (1127 ).

ce, ecyee a a o ae pee, = e Sp = 27,5 peapeoe aee pe; yo oxaa.

- - =1 - =1 - =1 e D = 58,5 aep eooo a; D = 31,0 aep eyeo a; l = 265 c eepooe paccoe; z = 5 co pee.

1 = = = = 4 MH (274 ).

Moe ep aa 4 4 = 1- = 44 1- = 11 900 c4, e D = 24 c apy aep aa; d = 17,5 c ype aep aa.

= = = ;

+ + 4 +11 +1 = = 1 = = 6,65 MH/ (6650 /c);

= + - [ - - ] = = + 1 4 - [11 - 1 - 4 ] = 1 4 MH4 (19,2451010 c4);

= [ - + ] = = [ 1 11 - + ] = = 144 MH3 (14401010 c3).

po aa 1 4 1 = = = 1 4 c.

144 1 Hapee oaco cee aa:

= = = = 10,8 MH/ (108 /c2).

4 1 1- 1 4 1- Pea oax aa:

+ + - = = 1 + +11 1 - = = MH (2960 );

= + + - =1 +11 + 4 - = 1 4 MH (+124 ).

Pace oa oae o oae pecae coo ay a yx oopax (c. pc. 51).

ao a P1 opeeec a:

= + =11 + = 1 MH (1288 );

+ + + = + + + = + -, e M = 400 acca oae; Moc = 164 acca ocaa a acae; Mp = 1,6 acca poo, oaeo p apye pea a (pae 1 % o acc ocaa a acae); Rp = 56,5 c payc poo; ea = 0,005 c cepce epa ec oae cece opeoc aacpo; e = 0,01 c cepce epa ec oae cece aopa apax yax.

4 +1 4 1 4 +1 4+ = + + 1 1 1 + 4 +1 4 -1 = 11 MH (1178,6 );

+ + 4 +1 4 + = = 1 = = 3,56 MH/ (3500 /c);

= + + [ - - ], e a = 48,5 c; l = 116 c; b = 28 c; P2 = 250 ; P3 = 210 ; k = 70 c; E = 2,2106 /c2; d = 15 c.

= 4 11 4 +11 11 + + 4 [ 11 -1 - 1 11 ] = = 0,01091 MH4 (10,911010 c4).

Moe ep oa:

4 = = 1 = c4;

= [ - + ] = 11 [ 1 - 4 4 +11 ] = MH3 (3551010 c3).

po oa 1 11 = = = c.

1 poepe o a pooc 1 = = = = 4 MH/2 (254 /c2).

1 Pea o yax oa:

+ + - 1 4 +11 + - = = = = 0,0203 MH (2030 );

= + + - =1 + + 1 - = - MH (-288 ).

eoe aee a epe yy = = = 41MH/2 (4,1 /c2) <, e d = 15 c; l = 33 c; qo = 5 MH/2 (50 /c2).

poepe o a poo 14 1 1 = = = 1 MH (512 000 ), e l = 206,0 c; d = 6 c; d = 15,0 c.

Moe ep:

4 4 = 1- = 1 4 =1 1c4;

= = = 2.1.12 pep pacea epy 2/2 -1201-Ha BM B acoee pe epyax c ycpye pyo ocaa pec poop apacoo a (c. pc. 43). o poop a 30 40 % ee poopa c epoppoao oeao, yyae poecc poa epye oae aeoc paoe.

ee apacoo poopa epy paccac a oece epoex apyo o cocex acc, acc epypyeoo poya c, a ae ocex yc o aa ocaa poopa.

Paceo opeec eoepece paep eeo poopa p co popaoe ooo opaepa ape eo eeax p ecx eoepecx paepax.

cxoe ae pacea apacoo poopa a pooc pee a. 11.

opy ocpyoo poocoo pacea oea poopa pee a. 7 10.

o opya a. 9 oe poee ocpy pace eeo oea poopa, a o opya a. 10 oepo pooco pace oce popao ocpy poopa.

Peya pacea oea poopa a BM.

Ooae peyao cea pee a. 12.

a o peyao aoo cea, ape coax ea peeax 350 c/c2, ape oax peeax 300 900 c/c2.

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