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15. n = 1,5; k = 2,2 106 1/21.

16. n = 1,5; k = 0,065 (/3)0.51.

17. n = 0; k = 31,1 1.

18. n = 2,5; k = 2,46 109 3/2 1.

19. n = 1,5; k = 6,52 106 0.5 1.

20. n = 1,16; k = 1,01 103 1.

21. n =1,5; k = 0,108 ̖0,51.

22. n = 2; k = 39,1 3/( ).

1. k1 6,27 105 1; k2= 1,29 105 1.

2. k1 =1,996 105 1; k2 = 2,204 105 1.

3. 51,2 %; t = 445,4 = 7,42 .

4. ) m1(239Np) = 44,3 ; m1(239Pu) = 0,100 ; ) m2(239Np) = 0,286 ;

m2(239Pu) = 99,7 .

5. K = 2,68, k2 = 2,63 103 1, k1 = 7,03 103 1.

6. cA = 0,0318 /3; cB = 0,0201 /3; cC = 4,78 103 /3.

7. K = 0,922; k1 = 2,6 103 1; k2 = 2,8 103 1.

8. K = 1,86 102; k1 = 1,17 3/( ); k2 = 6,30 3/( ).

9. k1 = 2,61 102 1; k2 = 0,282 1; k3 = 5,91 102 1.

10. k1 = 1,985 105 1; k2 = 1,89 105 1.

11. k1 = 0,0042 1; k2 = 0,0123 1.

12. nA = 1,7 1014 ; n = 1,41 ; n = 0,59 .

13. k1 = 0,0299 1; k2 = 0,049 1; k3 = 0,0081 1.

14. k1 = 0,1013 1; k2 = 0,0034 1.

15. tmax = 0,025 c; = 0,027 ; = 0,193 .

16. 2,2 /3; 1,57 /3.

17. 1/6 16,7 %.

18. k1 = 1,45 103 1; k2 = 1,15 105 1.

20. k2 = 1,51 107 3/( ).

21. c,A c, 0,0254 /3; c,C 0,0046 /3.

22. (H2O cO) : (H cO ) : cOH = 0,62 : 0,11 : 0,54.

2 23. 0,068 /3.

1. 291,3 .

2. A = 2,19 1013 1; m = 1,65; a = 74,6 /.

4. A = 7,2 1010 /(3 ); a = 195 /.

5. = 21,8 /. = a + 2RT.

6. a = 101,2 /; A = 5 1010 1.

7. = 1,6; a = 154 /; k = 2,2 103 3/( ).

8. a = 176 /.

9. a = 11,2 /.

10. a = 77,6 /; A = 9,3 106 1.

11. 38,9 .

12. A = 6,61 1011 3/( ); k2 = 8,83 104 3/( ).

13. k1 = 3,0 1040 61; k2 = 5,1 1040 61, = 1,027.

14. a = 265,5 /, k2 = 52,8 3/( ), t1/2 = 17 .

15. = 1,051016 1; a = 93,5 /.

18. a,1 = 146 /; a,2 = 691 /.

20. A = 6,60 109 3/( ); a = 141,4 /;

k2 = 2,71 102 3/( ).

21. a,1 = 17 /; a,2 = 38 /; rU = 21 /.

22. = 4,8 1016 1; = 98,3 /.

24. a,2 a,1 = 113 /.

26. a = 36890; = 9,43 106 3/( ).

1. k 3,93106 3/( ); P 3,2 1013.

z 2. 105 ; k 1,918 108 3/( ); P 1,32.

z 3. E 108780 /; P 6,47 102.

z 4. 5,831015 ; k 0,334 3/( ); P 30,7.

z z 5. 8,49 109 ; k 7,16 106 3/( ); P 1,631010.

z z 6. 3,851014 ; k 0,916 3/( ); P 0,151.

z z 7. 2,57 1018; k = 6,08 109 1; P 2,47 107.

z z 8. 2,6 106 ; k 3,9 108 3/( ); P 6,56 107.

z 9. E 262464 /; k 1,136 106 3/( ); = 0,61.

10. E 91958 /; d 3,85108 .

z 11. 4,5 1012 ; k 4 103 3/( ).

z z 12. E 282859 /; 2,781018 ; = 2,92.

z 13. E 6923/; k 3,12 1013 3/( ); P 9,2 1010.

z 14. E 35643 /; 6,85 107 ; P 2,61108.

z z 15. 5,4 1026 ; k 8,25 1012 3/( ); P 1,3103.

z z 16. B 1,081014 ; 0,528.

z 17. k 4,84 1011 1; P 2,65 103.

z 18. E 210665 /; 1,651013 ; P 3,72 103.

z z 19. P 9,52 106 ; 3,0131015.

z 20. E 198704 /; k 4,964 1010 3/( ); P 3,32 109.

21. E 202315 /; k 1,056 1011 3/( ); P 1,57 109.

22. E 187192 /; k 4,431010 1; P 2,52.

23. E 188349 /; k 2,75108 1; P 1,37 106.

24. E 139790 /; k 4,62 104 1; P 0,272.

1. H = 218,57 /; S = 21 /( ); k = 0,429 1.

2. H = 148,5 /; S = 40,6 /( ).

3. H = 223,9 /; S = 1,37 /( ); k = 0,391 1.

4. H0 = 75134 /; S0 = 84,64 /( ).

5. H1 111,6 /; H2 111,3 /;

S1 S2 39,74 /( ).

6. H0 4932 /; G0 = 4759 /;

Sp = 32,52 /( ); Sc = 5,94 /( ).

7. H = 134,3 /; Sp = 12,35 /( ).

8. H = 62,28 /; S = 133,7 /( ).

9. H = 41,81 /; S = 301,85 /( ).

10. H = 42,48 /; S = 3,32 /( ).

11. H = 124,5 /; S = 66,05 /( ).

12. H = 80,42 /; S = 13,39 /( ).

13. H = 134 /; S = 67,9 /( ).

14. H = 17,5 /; S = 337 /( ).

15. H = 97,29 /; S = 92,77 /( ).

16. H = 37,36 /; S = 166 /( ).

17. H = 19,05 /; S = 101,5 /( ).

18. H = 75,79 /; S = 51,3 /( ).

19. H = 53,18 /; S = 90 /( ).

20. H = 196,16 /; S = 433 /( ).

21. H = 47,84 /; S = 131,18 /( ).

22. S = 232,3 /( ).

23. k 1,319 103 1.

24. H = 77947 /; S = 3,89 /( ).

25. S = 232,9 /( ).

1/ k2k2 cH c1/ BrkdcHBr 1..



k4 cHBr dt k3 cBr dcO 1 dcH O2 k3KacH O2 22 2. v cPt.

dt 2 dt cH O KacH OdcHCl k1k3. 4 cCl cHCOOH kcCl cHCOOH ; E, E,1 E,2 E,4.

dtk1/ 2 1/ dcH O 2k1 3/ 2v4. kcH O2 k3 cH 2 v1 k3 cH O2.

1 O2 2 dtk4 k 1/ k1k2k3 3/ 2 1/ 5. v cCH cM.

k 1/ 2 1/ dcC H k1 3/ 2 v6. kcCH Br k2 cCH Br v1 k2 cCH Br.

33 dtk4 k dcH O k1k3 7. cH.

dt k1/ k1 3/ k2k3 cCl 2cCO dcCOCl k 8.. k4 k3cCl, dtk4 k3cCl 1/ 2 1/ dcCOCl E,1 2E,2 E,k1 1/ 2 k k2 cCOcCl ; k k2 ; E,.

dtk5 k5 1/ dcC Cl k1 3/ 10. kcCl k3 cCl 2.

dtk 11. ) E, E,2 E,1 / 2 E,5 / 2 834 /;

E,1 2E,2 2E,3 2E,4 E,) E, 834,75 /.

1/ dcC H10 2k1k5 dcH 2k4 12. cC ; k3 c1/ 2 ;

dt k5 k6 H6 dtk5 k6 C2H 1/ dcC H 2k1 2k1k1/ k3 cC 2 cC.

2 dtk5 k6 H6 k5 k6 H 1/ dcCH k1 1/ 2 dcC H6 k4 13. kcCH k2 cCH cO, cCH.

44 2 dt 2k5 dt 1/ k1k2k14. : v v2 cCH. 2k4 SOCH :

Ea (E,1 E,2 E,3 E,4) = 11,6 /.

1/ dcC H k1 3/ 15. kcC H6 k3 cC H6.

2 dtk dcC H4Cl2 2k1k4 k1k 16. v kcC H4Cl2 ; dtk4 cC2H4Cl , kv k3 cC H4Cl2 kcC H4Cl2 ; 2 k .

1/ dcH O k1 3/ 18. 2k2 cH 2 ; E, E,2 E,1 / 2 E,4 / 2.

Odtk 1/ 2 1/ dcC H4I2 k k19. v k2 c1/ 2cC H4I2 ; k k2 ; dtk4 I2 k 3/2.

dcHNO 2k1k3cHNO 20.. k2cNO k3cHNO, dt k2cNO k3cHNO dcHNO 2k1k3cHNO 2kcHNO.

dtk3cHNO dcHI 2k1k3cHI 21..

dt k2cHI k3cI dcRI k1k2cRIcHI 22. v.

dt k2cHI k3cI dcN O 2k1k23. cN.

dt k2 k3 O 1. k = 3,15 1041.

2. k = 6,3 1021.

3. 1,23 1025.

4. k = (3,75,105 0,0034) 1, R = 0,983; k = (3,37 0,15) 105 1, R = 0,871. , .

5. k = 0,0285 1. (R = 0,981).

6. k = 9,56 104 1.

7. k1 = 3,53 103 1; k2 = 2,08 103 1; k3 = 1,85 103 1;

= 11,086 /. .

8. = 1,31 104 1; = 352 /. .

9. k = 2,28 104 1.

10. k = 1,005 104 1.

11. k = (1,314 104 0,436 104) 1, R = 0,71; k = (9,34 106 0,387 106 ) 1, R = 0,58. , .

12. k = 0,0124 0,00142 1, R = 0,95; k = 0,014 0,0071 1, R = 0,83. , .

13. ; n = 1; k = 30,02 1. CdO.

14. n = 0,94; k = 14,6 1. .

15. k = 1,67 105 1.

16. n = 0,675; k = 4,89 1. .

17. k1 = 3,65 1031; k2 = 2,20 1031; k3 = 1,00 1031;

a = 135,31 /. .

18. k1 = 3,681031; k2 = 5,651041; k3 = 1,311041;

a = 157,32 /. .

19. k1 = 4,69 102 1; k2 = 2,86 102 1; k3 = 2,08 102 1;

a, = 41,65 /. .

20. k1 = 19,0 103 1; k2 = 12,0 103 1; k3 = 6,60 103 1;

k4 = 0,35 103 1; a, = 373,3 /. .

1. n = 1; k = 1,32104 3/( ).

2. k = 6,9105 1; kH = 2,09104 3/( ).

+ 3. k = 1,747103 1; kH = 2,22103 3/( ).

+ 4. .

5. k0 1,22 104 ; kH 3,57 1053/( ).

+ 6. ) 10 ; ) ) .

7. K = 2,37; k2 = 3,57 104.

8. k0 0 ; kH 37,7.

+ 9. lg k2ka 7,26 ; k2ka 5,495108 ; ka 4,58106.

10. k0 0 ; k 214.

RuCl11. ; E0 30 /; 0,675.

12. cH = 6,2 105 /3; k = 00732 1; cH (150) = 0,107 /3.

+ + 13. k1 = 0,23 105 3/( ); k2 = 0,11 105 3/( ). , .

14. = 857; n = 0,5.

15. K = 21,55 3/; k2 = 4,44 1031.

16. n = 2,4; k = 1,122 1061.

17. k2 2,77 107 3/( ); k 26,54.

18. k0 5106 ; k 64,7.

RuCl19. k0 = 0; k = 0,281cH O+ + 9750cOH.

20. = 794; n = 0,531.

1. vmax = 8,3 106 /3; K = 17,9 103 /3; k = 5,9 1.

2. vmax = 6,3 106 /3; K = 76 103 /3; k = 0,16 1.

3. vmax = 1,0 106 /3; K = 1,35 /3.

4. ; KI = 105 /3.

5. vmax = 0,5 103 /(3 ); K = 5,3 103 /3;

KI = 6,8 103 /3.

6. vmax = 6,3 106 /(3 ); K = 20 106 /3;

KSI = 2,3 103 /3.

7. vmax = 10 .; K = 6,3 106 /3; v = 4,6 ..;





KS1 = 0,56 103 /3.

8. vmax = 0,55 103 /(3 ); K = 2,5 106 /3;

KI = 2,6 102 /3; v = 0,22 103 /3 .

9. vmax = 2,3 106 /(3 ); K = 35 103 /3;

KI = 0,64 103 /3; K = 0,20 103 /3.

10. k = 8,3 106 c1; K = 19 106 /3; KS1 = 1,70 103 /3.

13. 4 105 .

14. 1,52 103 /3 .

15. 4,8 104 /16. 2,1 103 /3.

17. 4,0 103 /3.

18. K = 0,42 /3; vmax = 0,35 1.

19. vmax = 0,044 /(3 1); .

1. . k kK = 0,0235, K .

bP 2. k = 2,3 102 [2]/( [.]); = 0,8.

bR 3. k = 23,13 .

4. k 2,78; K 1108.

5. k = 2,15 104 1.

6. Q = 877 /.

7. k = 1,566 109 /( 1,5 [.]); b1 = 1,35 102 0,5;

b2 = 3,8 102 0,5.

8. k 4,4 104 ; K 1,73104.

9. bA = 6,35 103 0,5, k = 225 /( 2[.]) 10. k = 1,149 109 /( 1,5[.]); b1 = 1,1 102 0,5;

b2 = 3,216 102 0,5.

11. b = 5,36 06 1/; b = 2,92 104 1/; k = 0,228 /( [.]).

1/ 1/ k3kbCObO 2 pCO pO k12. v ; k.

k(1 bCO pCO bO pO bCO pCO )3/ 2 2 2 13. 17 /.

14. (2);

k = 3,846 104 [.]/; bO = 2,076 104 1. ; .

bP 15. k = 20,6 3/( [.]); = 197.

bR k1k4k16. v k5 pC H4H = pH k pH.

2 2 k2k17. b = 1,896105 1/; b = 7,63 105 1/; k = 0,119 /([.]).

18. k = = 0,43 /(3 ).

p3 pH2 NH 19. v k p k. N p2 pNH3 H p1,5 p H2 H v k p. : m, vc N p p NH3 NHm1/ .

(1 m)2/ ................................................................................................. 1. .................1.1. ............................................................................1.2. ......................................................................1.3. ................................................................1.4. ........................................ 2. .............................................................2.1. ..........2.2. ................2.2.1. ...........................................................2.2.2. ........................................................2.3. ................................................................2.3.1. .........................................2.3.2. ...........................................................2.4. ........................................2.4.1. ..............................................................2.4.2. ......................... 3. .....................3.1. ...............3.2. .....3.3. ................................................................3.4. ........................................3.4.1. ...............................................................3.4.2. ............................................................... 4. .................4.1. .................................4.2. ............................4.3. ....................4.4. ................................................................4.5. ...................................... 5. ......................................................5.1. ..............................................................5.2. ...................................... 6. ...................................................6.1. .................................................6.2. ................................................................6.3.

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