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Bce ooo-paoe pope, paee aoe: oxpaa opo eoea; pao paa a opoy aopy opyay ppoy cpey.

Hop-epa coepa ooece peoa o ce coa oec a ppoy cpey opoe eoea peaa eaepao ope ooo-paoy oe oee cex e. ooece epa ycaaa ape a ooec pey eeoc (c. 40 57), a ppooooae (c. 19), opo a e a cooae ppox pecypco (c. 18).

Hop-apa opee ccey, oeceay oee ooecx epao. O peycapa ooece, opaaoe, caapoeece, ooo-opoe, pece yypo-poceece cpeca oec.

42 ooae aooaeca aa poecc epe ooecx peoa aooaee e opae a, peypye xocey y eeoc, oaay opaeoe e a opyay ppoy cpey.

ooa a eeoc o epe ooecx peoa oxaae paec ce cep pooceo, oeceo oo . o eae popeo aoo pa ppo, oope o coa xoe xoceo pyo paeco eeoc, e a cocoe ececeo cpe oa eoea.

B acoee pe eoxoo oop o ooa pooca, yyp, opa ..

ooa eeoc eoea eocaoo a aoa o oxpae ppo, ocoy o oecye a ooe e eocpeceo, a epe cooecye a, peypye o o eeoc. Hapep, p poepoa pep coopye poepo pyoocyc e aoo o oxpae opyae cpe ppoooxpa oyea (o ea , o e a o x cyecoa), a opa poepoa, yepe pa eoca, oopx e ye oo epe ao "O oxpae opyae cpe".

e ooa aooaeca ao paa poepoa ooec opaa.

Cea peoa cocao ac ce poepooo, cpoeo, cyaaoo o eeoc eoea aea aaa aeo pee.

opa ooa c cooecye paoe a opae oye, coepae exece, exo-oo-ece pye op paa. paea cee caape, cpoee, exooece paocpoee opa, yepee oee opaa.

ooe opa c "oco", coe opy aoa c paeco eeoc o peaa ooecoo peca.

apae ocyece ooecoo paa ec apeee acpoa pao e ooeoo ae eeoceo ooeco cep.

B cyae apye aa aooaeca o oxpae ppo a x o aaac pa.

p pyx oyopeex ece cya op P (ca 170, 171, 172, 223).

coepeeoo peypee ooecx paoapye eoxoa paa ce ae a ce a eeoc eoea, oy oaa eaoe oece a ppoy.

43 Cyecy ocyapcee (OCT), opacee (OCT) aoce caap.

a oaaee aeca aocepoo oyxa eo o ec oepa pex eec x. oeco pex eec oe oyxe e oo pea ycaoex peeo oycx ae oepa ().

o acaa oepa peoo eeca ocepe, e oaaa yeoo a op ay e.

ae coyc pacea peeo oycoo poca (B) aocepy peeo oycoo cpoca (C) peoo eeca oy pe, oep, pyo, ope oeao.

B C paccac a opao, o cyapoe aee cooecyx poco o ecox coo ape e peao a ao ecoc ae .

ae B C oex pep epoec epecapac (o epe pa poocex ooce coo ape cpe).

aoo peoo eeca ycaaa ceye :

1) oeco peoo eeca, e oaaee eax ocec eee 20 acaa paoa oepa (.p, /3 );

2) oepa peoo eeca cpee a 24 aca e oaaee oeocecoo, aepoeoo oo oec cpeecyoa oepa (c.c, /3).

Cyecy a a ae : pep aceex yo. Paa aex caa c pooeoc axoe e x oax. B paox oax ae aeo e, e aceex yo. Hapep, .p SO2 paoe oe paa 10 /3, a aceex yax 0,5 /3.

peeo oyca oepa peoo eeca oe (, /) ac o aae o. Ta coepae eepoyo eo oe oycaec o 0,3 /, a ooeax poo xoca ceo 0,05 /.

Paa ocoec, caapo-ocoec, oecaap, opaoeec poxoce py oaae .

Tocecoe ece pex eec a e cyeca eee y, aco cyo p opeeeo cpoe oceyeo ae oea cey ocepec apaepa:



a) oyxe CL50 oepa eeca /3, aa cep 50 % oox ox;

CL100 oepa eeca /3, aa cep 100 % oox ox;

) p ee eyo, p aece a oy, po, py ooc . .

DL50 oa eeca a eca ooo, aa e 50 % oox ox;

DL100 oa eeca a eca ooo, aa e 100 % oox ox;

TL50 pe co ( yax, acax, cyax), eee oopoo oae 50 % oox ox;

Limac aa oepa (oa), aa xo ceo opaa a pee aaaox oooce opao xa, cepeo-cocyco cce, paoococooc eoea . .;

Limir aa oepa eeca, aa papaee ccx oooe epxx xaex ye a, /3;

Limolf opooa oepa epo axyeo eeca oyxe, /(opo aaxa).

ae yaax apaepo poc cooecyx coax (caapax, cpaoax ..).

44 oe apeoc o (K.), cec o opye:

K. = Ci / i = Ci / Cf, e Ci oepa peoo eeca; Cf ooa oepa peoo eeca;

i peeo-oyca oepa peoo eeca.

45 oeco co o (V.), eoxoo paae apeo oy coa paccaec a poeee oea apeoo coa (V.) a epaep oe apeoc o K. (ooee oepa oacoo ape eo ):

V. = V. K..

46 epaa oea apeoc aocep pooc c cooae eca cyapoo ape:

m n Im = (qi / i), i = e qi cpe a o oepa apeo oyx ooea; i peeo oyca oepa oacoo ooea; n oe cooecy accy oacoc aoo apeo ooea.

47 peeo oyc poc i-o peoo eeca paccaec c yeo i, eoepecx paepo py, eopaecoo ooe oea, copoc cee aa, eo eepayp eepayp opyaeo oyxa Bi = i H2 (VT)0,333 (AFm)1, e Bi peeo oyc poc aocepy, e a pee i a caapo oo, /c; H coa py, ; V cey oe aooo poca, 3/c;

T paoc eepayp aooo poca opyaeo oyxa; A oe paccea eec oyxe (a pae A = 160); F oe, ya ceea aocepe; m oe, ya yco xoa aa.

oe m pacca o ypae m = 1500 2D (H2T)1, e cpe copoc aa a xoe py, /c; D aep py, .

48 Coaco Bypey, oe caooe cpe (Se) oo pacca o opye Sm Q(Co - C) Se = =, g t(gnLpv + gzQ) e Sm oaae caooe o, o1; g oa oacca, ; Q pacxo o, 3/c; Co C oepa opaecx eec oe cpoca oce caooe, cooeceo; gn oacca eoca, /2; Lp a po oepeoo papea, ; t pe caooe, c; v copoc ee, /c; gz eea oacca, /3.

49 Oea yepa opo eoea o ocooo oec opyeo ye pooc c cooae aeo o oye. aea oa oye paccaec o opye H = k D, e H aea oa ye, ; k oe aeca ye; D ooea oa ye, p.

50 Opa ac ea opaa peyae epaoepoo oye, oyae opee, eye yxye opo aoo eoea eo ooca pae a p py: I ce eo; II , oa eea, poa a, ceeea, ee, o, ee, xpyca a pye e oocec III pye; III o opo, oca a, c, pee, oe co.

51 acee oa ye o AC e oa pea 250 /.

Mooc o yp x a e oa pea ee ae a ooo oo oee e a 30 p/. Ec e yaec c aee pa yaax o, o eoxoo oceee e ax oo.

52 apee paoya ocep ao eoepoca pocxo a cex cax exooecoo a: o epepao paoax py, ooae ypaa, ooe eoex eeo, oye epo ep peaopax, epepao axopoe opaoaoo epoo oa.

53 ypoe pae epo- paoex aao coe peo ecoy ape ocep epoa o.

Cpe oocex coo cyccex epoax oe oo e ceye py epoax yaee:

1) oa aapaypa (eeop, paope, yae ep, paoeeo, CB-e, oep ..);

2) paooaoe ca poo oeoo aae;

3) pao- eeepeae ca;

4) epece ce (oye epoepea, aee oee ce, pacopaope oca epocoe ycao).

cyccee epoae o e apeoc, ec, co c pa peay ooy. o po yxye coco opo e a paoax a pepx c oe ae apeoc epoax oe, a e ax a oox paoax, o poax ox coo epoax ye. Bpeoe oece a eoea oaa caece epece o. B y ae epocaece o oa c c po cooae oeya, ooe, apoao opoao ee cyccex ae, aaax caecoe epeco.





Hapeoc epecoo o oe oca 30 B/.

54 epoaoe yee paoacooo aaoa a pae opee opao eoea (c. a.).

ooc ooa ep M opaaee opa ooc ooa ep, opeee opa B/coee 100 aapaa a 10 100 epec cpecc c ooee aoa y ooca ya ccea eaoeaec 1 apep 0,1 o 0,e ycaoeo opee 55 oca coooe epoepea coa a pacco 1 2 o e apeoc epecoo o o 10 o 30 B/.

56 Xapaep opee ooeo, oax o ec epeex epoax oe, ac o aco ecoc oea, o pee pea oec (epoecoe, ocooe, oee, ecoe).

57 Co opae a pae ca: ooa o, oea yoeoc, apyee ca, papaeoc o oac cepa. p cceaeco oec oe acy eeococyca cy. Haac: cee a, oopo, cae o oac cepa, aoc yca, cyee apep cea a.

58 epoae o c acoo o 10 oy a ce opa, a, e oee oey oo cyeca. p xpoeco oec oacox oe c apeoc 8 a 20 % yeaec eaoc aopaopx ox; oy paac oooece aoea; oae oe cepoc; caec pooeoc .

59 B Pocc po opoooe ae eopyeo ye 1 B/c2.

60 B acoee pe epoax oe c acoo 50 ycaoe ceye ae peeo oycx ypoe ():

peeo oyce ypo M Meco axoe eoea , B/ e a 0,Teppop o o 1,acpo 5,Haceea ecoc 15,Heaceea ecoc 20,Tpyoocya ecoc 61 paoax e cpec a o M (paoaco 60 300 M) oyc c o oye, peee ae.

oyce o oye M Cocae peeo oyca apeoc o o eee acoa, M paoeo epeca 0,06 3 50 B/ 3 30 20 B/ 30 50 10 B/ 50 300 5 B/ Maa 0,06 1,5 5,0 A/ 30 50 0,3 A/ 62 ooeca aeca o oyeaoe ocae cex xapaepc oeo, oyx aec pe opyae cpee eoey.

63 Oe poeoo, xoceoo yypoo aae o po ooecy aeca peaepoa oycx poco pex eec oe x oacoc opo e.

64 ooec acop oea oe coepa opao-cpaoy, aopaecy oey opa o ppooeoc pooca.

Tooe coepae ooecoo acopa: paeee poocea cpyypa oea; cxoe ae pacea aepaoo aaca; opa opee ppox pecypco; epoeoc oea; aepae epeece aac cex poocex o; epee exece xapaepc coo ee pex eec opaoaxc oxoo; epee exece xapaepc cex cce oc cox o oxox ao.

65 ooec acop eppop o coa xapaepca ppox, coax xocex oeco. ooec acop coca eppop acpaoo paoa x eppopax opaoa. O oe cocae a, o apooea apya e peaa oeax oooce ppooo oeca caoocpoee.

66 Too ooec acop eppop oe coepa ceye cee:

acpaoe eee eppop; epee aceex yo; ceoc acee; eopaecoe ooee; eeycpoco; eooecoe cpoee;

aa; aece yco; co peco o; oopoe e o;

paceoc (ec, aa ..); epee o x ox, , aceox ..;

epee apx ocepy oeo; aoea acee, ox pace, cax c apooe apee ocep; epee oxpaex ppox oeco; ooecy apy eppop; aee o ooeco cya a ao eppop.

67 Hepep oop ypo ape opyae cpe ec a ycoe peopae ooecx aacpo.

Hepep oop coco ocep peye coa a ax oooooeco opa.

a ooo-ooeco opa o oec cpec copa, opao cooa ax o coco cex oeo ppooooa, peaae coepeeoo eaeca eeoc ppooooaee peopae aece cyeceoo pea opyae cpee ooecx aacpo.

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